A study to assess incidence of obesity in relation family history and obesity among adolescents.

Rupali Salvi

Abstract


A research was conducted for assess incidence of obesity in relation family history and obesity among adolescents. The objectives of this research is to assess incidence of obesity among adolescents, to assess the family history of obesity among adolescents, to find an association if any between obesity and selected demographic variables, to find an association if any between obesity and family health status. Descriptive cross sectional design was used for this study. Setting for this study were selected affluent schools of Pimpri Chinchwad Municipal Corporation. Sample size was 200 adolescents. Probability cluster sampling technique was used. Structured interview schedule, BMI was calculated was used for the study.  43% of the adolescents were aged 12-13 years, 36% of them were aged 14-15 years and 21% of them were aged 16-18 years.More than half (58.5%) of them were males and 41.5% of them were females.Majority of 81% of them were Hindu, 14.5% of them were Muslims, 4% of them were Christians and 0.5% of them were Sikh.Majority of 65.5% of them were non vegetarians and 34.5% of them were vegetarians.31.5% of them were studying in VIIIth class, 27.5% of them were from IXth, 20% of them were in Xth and 21% of them were from XIIth class.Majority of 76% of the adolescents were from nuclear family and 24% of them had joint family.37% of the adolescents' fathers had business, 2.5% of their fathers were expired and 60.5% of their fathers had service.2% of the adolescents' mothers had business, 83% of their mothers were housewives and 15% of their mothers had service.19.5% of the adolescents did not had any siblings, 59.5% of them had single sibling, 16.5% of them had two siblings, 2% of them had three siblings, 1.5% of them had four siblings, 0.5% of them had five siblings and 0.5% of them had six siblings. Majority of 93% of them had full term birth and 7% of them were premature. 21% of adolescents were obese while 44% were overweight. Since p value is less than 0.05 (p=0.000, 0.000 and 0.000) there is an association between obese female adolescents and worry, anxiety or tension which makes them to eat more, menstrual irregularities, hirshutism for girls and gynaecomastia for obese male adolescents is found to be significant. Since p value is less than 0.05 (p=0.017 and 0.079) there is an association between both and female adolescents are not comfortable with their body weight and the female adolescents are more conscious of making their body weight is found to be significant. Incidence of obesity was more among males as compared to females.

Keywords


Family History, Obesity, Adolescents.

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