DEVELOPMENT OF CONCEPT OF “ HUMAN RIGHTS” IN INDIA : AN ANALYSIS
“All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights. They are endowed with reason and conscience and should act towards one another in a spirit of brotherhood”, is the proposition of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights; whereas, it is seen that human beings are treated like beasts, their fundamental and human rights are violated in every sphere of life from time immemorial . Modern concept of “human rights” is not confined to the atrocities by the state forces but is extended to economic and political rights of the citizens. Although a number of legislations were in force “human rights” concept was unorganized and to bring the violations to a common fold and to lessen the burden on the Judiciary, the Protection of Human Rights Act. , 1993 in India is a milestone in judicial history. The mechanism developed is an alternate to judicial system. The present paper shall throw light on the development of ‘human rights’ concept in India and examine the International perspectives. Further a brief description shall be made , the views of the Indian Judiciary, lastly suggestions shall be made for improvement of the governance system .
Key Words: Universal Declaration of Human Rights (U.D.H.R), economic rights, political rights, The Protection of Human Rights, Act. 1993 , Good Governance.
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Section 12 ibid
Section 13 ibid
Section 17 ibid
Section 18 ibid
Section. 19 ibid
Section 21 ibid
Section 30 ibid
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