Working Women and Child Care in Pakistan

shazia gulzar Ahmed


The present study aimed to investigate the relationship between working hours of the mother and the child care in Pakistani context. The main objective of the study was to understand the effect of working hours; full time, half time and part time, which one has higher impact on child care/ development. Also it was hypothesized that in Pakistani context working hours of mother will be significantly negatively correlated with child care. It was also investigated that full time working mothers would affect more than part time and half time. Moreover, the study also investigated that effect of demographic variables pertinent to Pakistani cultural context like, SES, family size, mother’s education and income will play significant role. WwCcI (2013), namely Working women and child care inventory was developed using standardized scientific procedure. Sample of the study comprised of total 90 females with the division of 30 full time workers, 30 half time workers and 30 part time workers all belongs to middle adulthood age, while using the quota sampling technique. The result indicated that there is significant negative correlation α= (-0.16) between working hours and child care. As working hours of the mother’s job increases the care given by them to their kids decreases.  As the classification of fulltime, half time and part time describe that working hours of the mother effect the child care. Half time variable showed the highest mean value. So, ANOVA showed there is significant difference in the variables. To analyze the impact of demographic variables MANOVA and POST Hoc Analysis was carried out. The results have shown that effect of income, family size and education had the significant impact with the reason to work. The results of other values were independent and non-significant. Overall the results of MANOVA and LSD Post Hoc has shown the significant impact of the pertinent demographic of the Pakistani cultural context on working hours of the mother with reference to child care given by mother. These results have significant implications in Pakistan. Furthermore results have been discussed in the light of Pakistani cultural context. 


working women, child care

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