Sanctions as a Tool of Foreign Policy: A Conceptual Framework

Shivangi Sharma


Sanctions are a type of policy instrument that have emerged as one of the most popular and effective tools of foreign policy. According to sanction theory analysts, sanctions are seldom regarded as the “ideal” weapon; rather they are seen as the “least bad” alternative. Both as an alternative to armed force and, conversely, the often burdensome diplomatic solutions on offer, the salience of sanctions to international security politics is increasingly apparent. It is the increased use of economic or political leverage that has triggered the debate among the host of scholars and foreign policy experts. There are many scholars who have detailed about the efficacy of sanction whereas others have out rightly rejected the imposition of sanctions as a successful foreign policy tool. This paper seeks to look at the various aspects of sanctions as a foreign policy tool in detail.


Sanctions, Foreign Policy, Economic sanctions, Unilateral Sanctions

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