Socio-Economic Condition of the Religious Minorities of West Bengal with special reference to Muslims.
This article is an attempt to study the socio-economic condition of the religious minorities of west Bengal. The Central Government has notified five communities, namely Muslims, Sikhs, Christians, Buddhists and Jains as religious minorities and prepared a list of 90 Minority Concentration Districts (MCDs) in India. 2001 census data on population was used to identify these districts. The Central Government has and has been formulating numbers of schemes and projects to safeguards the religious minorities in general and Muslims in particular. Among the religious minorities Muslims are less developed in the field of education, income and culture. In West Bengal the Muslims are regarded as the majority of the minorities and they constituted 25.25 percent of the total population. But the real conditions of the Muslims in West Bengal are less developed in comparison to the other minority communities. So the aim of this article is to study the socio-economic condition of the religious minorities in general and Muslims in particular. This paper is based on the secondary data. The main objective of the study is to explore the socio-economic condition of religious minorities of West Bengal. Though there is paucity of literature and data about this classified as backward community, it is an attempt to gather the data from various sources and put together in a systematic fashion and analyzed. Indicators such as population, urban population, sex ratio, literacy, educational attainment, work participation rate are discussed. Hence, one can easily understand the plight of the community who are the victims of a process of invidious discrimination in Indian society.
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Md. Mainuddin, Research World - Journal of Arts, Science & Commerce, E-ISSN 2229-4686 / ISSN 2231-4172.
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