The Unique Image of Ardhanāriśvara of Dehabandh Village of North Bengal: An Iconographic Study

Rajeswar Roy

Abstract


An Ardhanāriśvara(i.e. half male and half female) form of Śiva found at Dehabandh village under Kushamndi Police Station , now preserved in Dakshin Dinajpur District Meseum at Balurghat( South Dinajpur District, West Bengal, India) is a notable, and also unique specimen of sculptural art of Bengal. The image which may be assigned to the 12th century AD in the Pala-Sena Period is made of black basalt. The image of Ardhanāriśvara form of Siva is four-armed, standing on lotus pedestal, accompanied by four two-armed attendants- Mahākāla, Nandina Kārtiya or Skanda, and Ganeśa. At apex the three niches occupied by four armed seated figure of the Trimurt - Śiva (centre), Brahmā (right), and Visnu (left) - all with their vāhanas(carrier).The whole family of Śiva-Pārvati has been highlighted in the sculptural work.


Keywords


Ardhanāriśvara, Hermaphrodite, sculptural art, Śakti cult, niche

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References


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