The Political Reality in Tukadoji's Gramgeeta in the Indian Context of Self Governance and Secularism

Ratnakar D. Bhelkar


Gramgeeta has affinity with tradition which has historical sense and encampasses social, economical political, ethical, scientific,environmental, realities; enriches it with ancendotes, mythical allusions,references and cultural texture. The vision in Gramgeeta, irrespective of caste, creed, race, religion is cosmic, which  converges on life on the earth and transcends towards cosmic. The vision which is projected in Gramgeeta is utopian vision for welfare of society. Gramgeeta attempts to create better world envisaging evils in the existing society.By creating utopian world he comments on real world and views that equality, unity, secular approach, self-reliance of villages, democratic approach are important. Gramgeeta has the pulse of democracy and emphasis upon the ideal system in the village. He conceptualizes village state as welfare state which is self-reliant, and trusts in secular approach. Religious tolerance is the essence of Indian secularism. Securlarism in India arose in the context of communalism, and not of religion. Secularism in India is not anti-religion stance.  Gramsabha, panchayat attribute democratic, republic spirit to village administration. It is an approach to the existing multicultural reality. It ensures a peaceful existence of all people, professing diverse religious faiths. He visualizes utopian society with self-governance and secular spirit as the cardinal components. 


Village state, Utopia, Secularism, Multicultural reality

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Tukadoji (2011), Gramgeeta (tr in E.). Ratnakar D. Bhelkar, unpublished, Cantro I, Couplet 49 (Subsequent quotations are indicated by Canto and couplet numbers in parentheses)

M. K. Gandhi (2000), Indian of My Dream. Ahemadabad : Navjivan Publishing House, Eight Print. P.50

Commentary on the Constitution of India. Vol. II. Calcutta : S. C. Sarkar & Sons (Pvt) Ltd., P. 312

C. W. Watson (2002), Multicultaralism. New Delhi : Viva Books Ltd., P. 110

Tukadoji (2004), Collective Patriotic Songs (tr). Ratnakar D. Bhelkar, Gurukunj – Ashram : Shri Gurudeo Publication, P. 10.


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