AN ASSESSMENT OF THE PHENOMENA OF CLIMATE CHANGE IN KENYA.

Simon Kiremi Kiunga

Abstract


This study set out to discuss the phenomenon of climate change in Kenya. The study attempted to investigate the question of whether Kenya is experiencing climate change or natural climate variability. In the analysis, the study employed both empirical data and the review of relevant literature. Secondary data of average yearly temperature were subjected to simple linear regression and significance tested using the Pearson’s Product Moment method. P values of less than 0.01 were considered significant. The data were further divided into 10 year periods and plotted to observe decadal trends.

It is observed that average temperature levels in Kenya have increased by approximately 0.67 °C (2.6%)from 1980 to 2010. It was also observed that there has been decadal increases in temperature in the last two decades with the 2000s being the highest. Integrating these findings and literature material, the study findings show that Kenya may be experiencing climate change. The findings also indicate that the average decadal increases of 0.3 °Cin Kenya are in line with the projected levels of IPCC (1990) together with projections from other authors. From the discourse it is evident that the last two decades (1990-2010) have seen a rise in the intensity and frequency of droughts and floods in the country. The study also shows the lack of congruence between the main drivers of climate variability and observed climatic conditions implying that the temperature increase in the country may likely be due to global warming.


Keywords


Climate change, climate variability, global warming, Kenya, temperature change, decadal change, trend

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References


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