Cooperation as an Approach of Ecofeminism in Jane Austen’S Emma: A Critical Study

Manoranjan Behura


Ecofeminisn is a new concept in literature which implies the relationship of nature and women and it studies how women are very much friendly to ecology than that of men. The feministic study focuses that the female are less pollutants than that of their male counterparts. This paper deals with ecofeminism in Jane Austen’s Emma, a novel on man-woman relationship. It has been analyzed that women always cooperate with men for a better and peaceful society.


Jane Austen, Emma, Ecofeminism

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Austen, Jane. Emma. London: Penguin, 1990.

Beauvoir, Simone de. The Second Sex. Trans. Constance Borde. London; Vintage Books. Reprint 2010. Pp.

Daly, Mary. Gyn/ecology; The Metaethics of Radical Feminism. Massachusetts; Beacon Press. Re-print 1990. Gaard, Greta. “Toward a Queer Ecofeminism”. Hypatia. Vol: 12 Issue: 1. 1997. Print.

Haraway, Donna. “A Cyborg Manifesto”. The Cybercultures Reader. Ed. David Bell and Barbara M. Kennedy. London; Routledge. 2000. Print.

Shiva, Vandana. Staying Alive; Women, Ecology and Survival in India. New Delhi; Kali for Women. 1989. Print.

Dr. Manoranhan Behura is a Lecturer in English in Mahanga Puspagiri Mahavidyalaya, Erakana, Cuttack Odisha


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