Relationship between Female literacy rate and Child sex ratio in Gujarat (2011)
Literacy is one of the key socio-economic indicators which helps map the development path of a country and helps in improvement of economic condition and developing human resource without which progress of the society or nation will be paralyzed. There are various attributes of population which are affected by literacy and one among them is sex ratio. Literacy plays an important role in bringing equality in the sex ratio. The knowledge of sex ratio is essential for the understanding condition of women in society and it is a valuable source for finding the population of women, what is the ratio of women to that of men and also a great source to find equality of males and females in a society at a given period of time. Therefore present paper is aimed to study the female literacy and child sex ratio of Gujarat and analyze the correlation between female literacy rate and child sex ratio in Gujarat 2011. According to Census 2011, Surat district has reported the lowest Child sex ratio i.e. 836 girls for every 1000 boys BUT highest female Literacy rate i.e. 81.02%. This shows the perfect inverse relationship between child sex ratio and female Literacy rate in Surat district of Gujarat. This fact throws light on the criticality of the problem which is a harsh reality and demonstrates that we have a herculean task ahead. The Spearman’s rank correlation is used to measure the relationship between child sex ratio and female literacy rate. The study shows that the correlation between child sex ratio and female literacy in Gujarat is r= - 0.48495 .Which means there is a negative correlation between the child sex ratio and female literacy rate.
Keywords: Education, Female literacy rate, child sex ratio, Correlation, Gujarat, Women, Literacy.
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