Ikhtilaf ( Disagreement in Islam): A conceptual study in Quranic Context

Khalida Majid


ikhtilaf is a repeatedly occurring discussion in the Qur’an, with references to the diverse phenomena of nature and diversity as a sign of Allah and proof of Allah’s existence and creation. But Normally, when we are in agreement, it is easy for us to behave properly with each other. However, when we are in disagreement, we don't always behave properly. What makes it worse is when people try to justify their misbehavior by pretending that they are very religious. People who do this pretend that they are very concerned about the Deen of Allah. When in reality, they are just ignorant of the teachings of Islam and Islamic behavior. It is essential to refer all matters of conflict between Muslims to Allah and His Messenger (peace be upon him). This is extremely needed for the Muslim to know and to go through with it because it indicates the complete submission to Allah without which one would not be a Muslim.


Ikhtilaf , Disagreement, Differences, Shariah, Quran.

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Nachi, Mohamed, Thinking about Ikhtilaf: The Political Construction of Difference in the Islamic Context, History of the Present: A journal of Critical History, vol. 2, No.1 , spring 2012, University of Illinois Press, p.54.



Hamid Khan, J.D., Practitioner’s Guide to Islamic Law, International Network to Promote the Rule of Law, 2013, p.26.

Dr. Taha Jabir al ‘Alwani: “ The Ethics of Disagreement in Islam”, Prepared from the original Arabic Version”Adab al Ikhtilaf fi al Islam” by Abdul Wahid Hamid ,International Institute of Islamic Thought, 2010, p. 11.



Sheikh Dr. Muhammad bin Umar bin Saalim Bazmool hafidhahullah is from the scholars living in Makkah & is currently teaching in college of da'wa and usool ud-Deen, book and sunnah section at Umm al Qura university, Makkah.

“Ikhtilaf wa ma Elayhi”, by Shaykh Muhammad Umar Bazmul.

Al- Qur’an, 25 : 62.

Ibid., 6 : 165.

Ibid., 7 : 142.

Ibid., 2 : 255.

Ibid., 19 : 59.

Ibid., 7 : 169.

An authentic Hadith on the authority of Abu Hurayrah(R.A) . Al- Bukhari collected it in the Book of Fasting, in the chapter of the “ Virtue of Fasting”. Muslim collected it in the Boook of Fasting , in the chapter of “Guarding of the tongue”

Ikhtilaf wa ma Elayhi”, by Shaykh Muhammad Umar Bazmul.

Abdul Aziz bin Abdullah bin Baz, Majoo’ al Fatwa , reviewed by Muhammad Abdul Roof, www. Alifta.net- The Website of the General Presidency for the departments of Scientific Research and Ifta- Riyadh, 2012, 13/19.

Al-Qur’an ; 2: 213.

Ibid., 3 : 19.

Ibid., 3 : 105.

Hukm : Understanding of the book, or it could mean authority over the people ( Translator).

Prophethood : The prophets from the time of Yusuf (AS) all the way to the ‘Isa (AS) .

Affair : The coming of the Prophet Muhammad (S.A.W.S).

Al – Quran ; 45 : 16 -17.

Ibid., 2 : 213.

Ibid., 16 : 64.

Ibid., 42 : 10.

Ibid., 4 : 59.

Ibid., 21 : 78 – 79.

Ibid., 4 : 82.

www. sunniform . com / forum / showthread / Articles / “ the Meaning of Ikhtilaf.”

Jaami’ul Usul (2/484) . This hadith is also found in Sahih al Bukhari with a slight difference, “ They were destructive”, instead of “ They were destroyed” fath ul bari ( 9/102)

Al – Qur’an : 3 : 102 – 105.

www.bakkah.net / articles/ Ikhtilaf.

Al – Qur’an ; 6 : 159.

Dr. Taha Jabir al ‘Alwani: “ The Ethics of Disagreement in Islam”, Prepared from the original Arabic Version by Abdul Wahid Hamid.



Al- Qur’an; 8: 33.


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