Exploration of Dhatu Dushti in Disease.

Vasudha Gajananrao Asutkar

Abstract


In Āyurvedic theory and practice morbid state of Dośa(The vitiating entity) is exhibited as a disease(Vyādhi).But the Dośa can manifest themselves through the medium of Dhātus(structural unit of body). Body’s vital competence depends on the qualitative & quantitative parameters of these Dhatu. In the Ayurveda system of medicine the disease pathogenesis is defined as a rooted combination of “Tridosha” (Vata, Pitta, Kapha) and “Dushya” (7 Dhatu and 3 Mala). Here the derangement in the Dosha is exhibited in the form of an abnormality in the definite Dhatu pattern. Ayurveda considers this “Dhatu exploitation” as a critical aspect which is estimated to be leading the disease pathogenesis as well as prognosis. The phenomeneon of “Anusarpan” (i.e. “voyage of a disease pathogenesis“) through Rogamargas (3 major pathways of disease), is well thought-out to depend majorly on Rakta Dhatu (Blood). This Anusarpan is acknowledged by Acharya Sushruta as “Prasara Awastha” (Spreading) of Doshas. Charaka Acharya also considers Rakta acting correspondingly to Vata Dosha (the moving entity) for the execution of Prasara(Spreading of Dosha). Hence Rakta Dhatu has a latent exclusive role in diseases. Thus, the importance of Dhatu, and the importance of Rakta Dhatu in diseases needs to be explored for a better comprehension of disease onset and progress..


Keywords


Dhatu, Rakta

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References


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