Variations of Vertebral bones among freshwater Puntius (Teleostei: Cyprinidae) from Lower Anicut, Tamil Nadu

R. Sivakumar

Abstract


Freshwater is critical to human society and sustains all terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems. Worldwide, freshwater fishes are the most diverse of all vertebrate groups, but are also the most highly threatened through anthropogenic activities such as river management works, dam building, and land use change in the watersheds. Lower Anicut is one of the major fishing point in the Cauvery river system in Tamil Nadu which isselected for the present study. The taxonomic identification of Puntius species were made by osteologcial work of the vertebral bones isolation from Lower Anicut (Kollidam river), Tamil Nadu. The Kollidam river inhabits naturally ornamental and edible fishes like Puntius species. Four Puntius species were collected from this site. The specimens were preserved and stored in laboratory. Themorphological features (body colour, size and shape) and the meristic counts of all the Puntius species viz. Puntius sophore, Puntius filamentosus, Puntius sarana and Puntius ticto were recorded. Thereafter, the variation of vertebral bones among the Puntius groups were observed.


Keywords


Vertebral bones, Puntius species, Radiography and boiling method.

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References


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