SOCIAL SECURITY AND RIGHTS OF THE ELDERLY PEOPLE IN INDIA – AN ANALYSIS

Bikram Kumar Das

Abstract


The United Nations World Assembly on ageing, held at Vienna in 1982, formulated various recommendations, giving priority to the issue of ageing. It has recommended for more research related to development and humanitarian aspect of ageing. Since then, the phenomenon of population of ageing becomes a major concern for policy makers all over the world. But the problem arising out of it was not well realized in India. Since time immemorial, it was the responsibility of children or family members to regard the issue of parent and aged person in the family. During 20th century the founding father of Indian constitution noticed the insecure condition of old age. They inducted some measures and thrusted responsibility on the state to initiate legislation to protect the interest of old people. It is pertinent to notice that, last century has witnessed rapid changes in the social scenario. In recent years, the emerging prevalence of nuclear family setups in India marked that elderly people are exposed to emotional, physical and financial insecurity. This had drawn the attention of the policy makers, administrations at center and states, NGOs, Judiciary and Civil Society. Despite the fact the elderly people in India, like any other developing country of the world, facing challenges. The government of India issued various policies on elderly persons, yet vast population of elderly people face predicament of life. They deserve not only financial aid but require emotional support. The legislation which intend to provide support to elderly persons, fails to serve the purpose. This article highlights the issues of elderly persons.


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