Understanding the Successes and Challenges of Anti-corruption Agency (ACA) in Nigeria: A Case of Economic and Financial Crimes Commission (EFCC)

Ibrahim Umar, Rose Shamsiah Samsudin, Mudzamir Mohamed


The purpose of this study is to understand the current state of the Economic and Financial Crimes Commission (EFCC) in terms of the successes and challenges in fighting corrupt related offences in Nigeria. The Study investigated the operational achievements of the Commission and the obstacles to achieving the mandate of the EFCC. This study adopted a qualitative research approach through a single case study design. Data were obtained using multiple sources (interviews, documentary evidence and observations) to answer the research questions. In all, 12 interviews were carried out during a period of three months. Senior, middle and first line management were purposively selected to participate in the research. The data gathered were analyzed using Nvivo 10. The result of the textual evidence reveals the apparent successes in the investigation, prosecution and conviction of corrupt offences in Nigeria. However, the context in which the agency exists remains its major obstacle, especially the legal system, government commitment and management issues. This study recommended that adequate budgetary allocation is needed to enable the EFCC achieve its mandate and the need for reform in the Nigerian legal system for an improved service delivery.


Corruption, anti-corruption, EFCC, Nigeria

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