Effect of sulphur and boron nutrition and it method of application on growth, yield and economics of sunflower (Helianthus annuus L.)

S.H. Mirche, V.P. Suryavanshi, G.K. Bahure, I. A. B. Mirza, A.S. Padul

Abstract


The field investigation entitled “Effect of sulphur and boron nutrition and it method of application on growth, yield and economics of sunflower (Helianthus annuus L.)” under rainfed condition was conducted at Farm, Oilseeds Research Station, Latur. The experimental field was leveled and well drained. The experimental field was leveled and well drained. The soil was clayey in texture, low in nitrogen, medium in phosphorus and neutral in reaction. The environmental conditions prevailed during experimental period were favorable for normal growth and development of sunflower crop. The experiment was laid out in a randomized block design with three replications and hybrid LSFH-35 as a test crop along with nine treatment combinations. The treatments are T:- RDF, T:- RDF + S 20 kg/ha, T:- RDF + S 30 kg/ha, T:- RDF + B 1 kg/ha, T:- RDF + B spray 0.2%, T6 :- RDF + S 20 kg/ha + B 1 kg/ha, T7 :- RDF + S 20 kg/ha + B spray 0.2%, T8 :- RDF + S 30 kg/ha + B 1 kg/ha and T9 :- RDF + S 30 kg/ha + B spray 0.2%.The gross and net plot size of each experimental unit was 4.8 m × 4.5 m and 3.6 m × 3.9 m respectively.Sowing was done by dibbling method on 06th August 2013 at a spacing of 60 cm × 30 cm. The recommended cultural practices and plant protection measures were undertaken. The recommended dose of fertilizer (90:45:45 NPK kg/ha) was applied, as per treatment half dose of nitrogen along with full dose of phosphorus, potassium and sulphur was applied as a basal dose and remaining half dose of nitrogen was applied at 30 days after sowing. Spraying of boron was done at ray floret stage. The crop was harvested on October 31, 2013. Application of RDF + S 30 kg ha-1 + B 1 kg ha-1(T8) recorded significantly higher growth, yield and quality contributing characters followed by application of RDF + S 20 kg ha-1+ B 1 kg ha-1(T6), RDF + S 20 kg ha-1+ B spray 0.2% (T7) and RDF + S 30 kg ha-1+ B spray 0.2% (T9).


Keywords


sunflower, sulphur, boron, growth, economics

Full Text:

pdf

References


Ahmad, W., A. Niaz, S. Kanwal, M. K. Rahmatullah, and M. K. Rasheed (2009).Role of Boron in Plant Growth: A Review. Journal of Agric. Res.47 (3).

Geetha, K. N., Y. G. Shadakshari, K. Karuna, K. S. Jagdish, K. T. Puttarangaswamy and S. B. Yognanda (2010). Effect of sulphur sources and levels on the productivity of sunflower (Helianthus annuusL.). Journal of Oilseeds Res. 27 (1): 60-61.

Harkal, S. R., B. G. Karle, A. S. Dhavan and V. N. Karad (1993). Response of sunflower to levels of nitrogen and sulphur in vertisols. Journal of Maharashtra Agri.Univ.18 (2): 320-321.

Intodia, S. K. and O. P. Tomar (1997). Effect of sulphur application on growth and yield of sunflower (Helianthus annuus L.). Indian Journal of Agricultural Sciences. 67 (1): 46-47.

Jamal Arshad, Yong-Sun Moon and Malik ZainulAbdin (2010). Sulphur -a general overview and interaction with nitrogen. Australian Journal of Crop Science. 4 (7): 523-529.

Khaliq, A. and Z. A. Cheema (2005). Influence of irrigation and nitrogen management on some agronomic traits and yield of hybrid sunflower (Helianthus annuusL.). International Journal of Agri. and Bio.7 (6): 915-919.

MangalaRai (2002). Oilseeds in India. Andhra Pradesh Agric. Reg. Res. J., pp.13-15.

Patil, S. B., B. S. Vyakaranahal, V. K. Deshpande and M. Shekhargouda (2006). Effect of boron and zinc application on seed yield and quality of sunflower restorer line, RHA-857. Karnataka Journal of Agric. Sci.19 (3): 708-710.

Renukadevi, A., P. Savithri and K. Andi (2003). Sources, levels and methods of micronutrients application on the dry matter production, yield attributes and yields of sunflower (Helianthus annuusL.)crop.Crop Research Hisar. 25 (3): 436-440.

Satish Kumar and R. Singh (2011). Economics of sunflower (Helianthus annuusL.) as influenced by phosphorus and sulphur. Agron. Digest6 and 7: 35.

Sreemannarayana, B., A. S. Raju and V. Satyanarayana (1994). Effect of sulphur on yield and quality of sunflower. Journal of Maha.Agric.Univ.20 (1): 63-65.

Tamak, J. C., H.C. Sharma and K.P. Singh (1997). Effect of phosphorus, sulphur and boron on seed yield and quality of sunflower (Helianthus annuusL.). Indian Journal of Agron.42 (1):173-176.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.