Prenatal And Post-Partum Practices Carried Out By The Ewondo’s Of Nkolbisson , Yaounde , Cameroon
Prenatal and post partum practices are those activities carried out in most African cultural settings when a woman is pregnant and after she puts to birth. These societies adhere to traditional practices which they think will solve their immediate health problems. This article seeks to examine those rites carried out during pregnancy and after birth and why people still hold on to these practices, People still hold on to these rites even with the presences of conventional method of antenatal and postpartum care. The Ewondos of Nkol-bisson recognize pregnancy and child birth as a period of many risk and mishaps. In order to avoid these risks, they oblige the pregnant woman to carry out certain practices which continues even after birth. This study reveals that the security dynamics that surrounds pregnancy is very complex among the Ewondos of Nkol-bisson. The coming of a child puts both the child and the mother in a state of danger, these rites come to solve the problems of insecurity during pregnancy. The functions of these rites do not depend on the woman's, marital status. Other elements are considered when performing them and these elements have their functions which produce different results. Qualitative research methods were used to attain these results. Culturally, rites are seen as preventive care measures for safe delivery among these people.
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