Patterns and Trends of Urban Growth in India

Susmita Bhattacharjee



The declining trend in the growth rate of the urban population during the 1980s and 1990s reversed during the 2011 Census. The absolute increase in the urban population was higher than that in the rural population, for the first time since independence. According to 2011 Census, rural population of India is 68.84 percent and urban population is 31.16 percent. There are 7935 cities and towns, which contains 31.16 percent of India’s population of 1210.19 million (2011Census). The purpose of this paper is to provide an overview of patterns and trends of urban growth in India since 1901 to 2011, and to determine the causative factors leading to urban growth.


Urbanization, urban growth, patterns and trends, causative factors

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