Challenges in Education of Tribal Children in Poonch district of Jammu and Kashmir

Kavita Suri

Abstract


The twin border districts of Poonch and Rajouri in Jammu province in the Himalayan state of Jammu and Kashmir have a significant population of Scheduled Tribes. Poonch district has 36.9 % population of Gujjar and Bakkarwal scheduled tribes both of which are nomadic in character.

 

A majority of the Scheduled Tribe population of Poonch district migrates to higher reaches in summer with their cattle, sheep, goat and buffalos in search of better pastures for their herds due to which their children are deprived of education. Each year, over 20,000 people migrate to the summer pastures as part of their annual seasonal migratory practices, from the twin border districts of Poonch and Rajouri to the Pir Panjal ranges and further.

 

The present paper seeks to understand the challenges of elementary education among scheduled tribes of Poonch district. It would also explore the initiatives taken by the government for the education of STs in Poonch and would suggest some measures for improving educational levels of the tribes in Poonch.


Keywords


Nomads, Scheduled Tribes, Kashmir, Mobile Schools, Seasonal camps, Elementary education

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References


Bhardwaj, A.N. (1994), History and Culture of Himalayan Gujjars, J. K. Book House, Jammu

Khatana, R.P. (1992). Tribal Migration in Himalayan Frontiers- study of Bakkarwal Transhumance economy, Vintage Books. Gurgaon

Lidhoo, M.L (1992). Kashmir Tribes, Minakshi Publication, Srinagar

Rao, A.and Casimir, M. J. (1982). Mobile pastoralists of J&K -- a preliminary report on tribal people, Journal of Nomadic People

Tufail, Mohd (2012), Impact of the Unrest on the Livelihoods of the Gujjars and Bakkarwals of Jammu and Kashmir, International Journal of Social Science Tomorrow Vol. 1 No. 4, ISSN: 2277-6168

Zutshi, Bhupinder (2001). Gujjars and Bakkarwals of Rajouri District, in K. Warikoo (ed.),Gujjars of Jammu and Kashmir, IGRS, Bhopal


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