Women participation in local self-government: An Exploration
The Indian constitution has guaranteed several rights to the marginalized group such as children, old age people, and women assuring them the equal opportunity to live in dignity with their fundamental rights. In Indian governance, the woman's voice is ignored in terms of participation in decision making in the all stages of the governance with different patterns of negligence tactics followed by the patriarchal establishments. Women’s role in a wide range of traditions and in theoretical work is influenced by men, has been typically associated and represented with their family role.
It can be reasonably accepted that the quality education and mind-set of people towards the girl education has a bearing on the less participation of women in decision-making. After the 74th amendment of Indian constitution there was an allocation of 33% reservation for women in local self-governance but nothing attained through it. Political representation, there are women who are played just an instrument of the system by the male dominated society. While thinking about empowerment of women and equality towards men, always found thumps in the path which includes economic ownership, strategic influencing, decision taking ability, problem solving mind, and awareness around the inner strengths, weaknesses as well as improvement areas these are things must need to be developed into local level women leaders. Women’s participation in the political process is the most debated topic of Indian democracy.
The proposed paper looks at several such debates about the merits and demerits of women’s participation in politics in view of the latest women’s reservation bill related uproar. While paper looks are several such debates it specifically explores the role played by the educated women politicians and uneducated women politicians to compare how the education has, played or not, a role in women’s political attainments. Based on theoretical literature and secondary data available the paper will try to explicate on the long standing arguments in the women’s reservation debate which emphasizes on the reservation of women in politics on the grounds of education. In this regard, the paper would explore the demographic, gender, caste, and class implications of the idea of educational qualification based reservation of women in politics. To conclude, the proposed paper provides some policy directions based on the arguments and literature review presented.
Key words: Political participation, reservation, leadership, education.
Ph.D Scholar at University of Indiana, Indianapolis,America
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