Child Morbidity practices among the Gond tribe of Mandla District of Madhya Pradesh

Shiv Kumar Singh

Abstract


Background: Tribal are the most marginalised social category in the country and there is little and scattered information on the actual burden and pattern of illnesses they suffer from a higher rate of morbidity. The study was carried out to determine the health and morbidity status among the Gond tribe. Childhood diseases like diarrhoea, acute respiratory infections; Urinary Tract Infections, Malaria and measles are very common in India. The situation is worse among underprivileged population such as tribals, which are living in rural areas.

Objective: To study the knowledge and perception of childhood morbidity and treatment of common childhood morbidity.

Materials and Methods: The study of 522 household’s, which is having a children up to 0-5 years of age were covered in a door to door survey by the investigator. Parents of eligible children were interviewed using a pre-tested questionnaire for socio-demographic details, personal habits, past and current medical history. A cross-sectional study was conducted in two blocks randomly selected villages in Mandla District, Madhya Pradesh, from May 2011 to December 2011. After entry data will be completely cleaned before it is exported to SPSS version 13 & 16 analytical software for analysis.

Results: A majority of participants (42.9% & 40.7%) did not visit any government health facility during the past year.  Morbidity was noted among 57.1% in Bijadandi and 59.3% in Niwas block household’s children. Major causes of morbidity were coded as diarrhoea (50.0% & 74.8%), ARI/whooping cough (32.0% & 63.4%) and fever (43.6% & 32.8%). The government hospitals are located at easy approach, but awareness and lack of trust in the government services are main causes are responsible for 66% less use.

Conclusion: It is concluded that prevalence of childhood morbidities were more among the Gond tribe community children. Hence measures should be taken to impart health and nutritional education to mothers.


Keywords


Tribal community, morbidity, under- five children, utilisation of Govt. health services.

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