Religion – The Strength Behind the Organizational Structure of Indus Valley Civilization

sarah umer


Since the discovery of the Indus Valley civilization, scholars from around the world have debated about the various factors that could have been responsible for the extraordinary organizational structure of this civilization without the use of force. Their quest was difficult in the absence of a readable Indus script. Therefore, they employed other means to reach their conclusions.

Almost all scholars today reject the earlier hypothesis of a centralized Indus state, yet at the same time all agree that there was some kind of an Indus Empire that bound all sites together, which not only held them together but was strong enough to take them generation by generation to the height of economic and cultural prosperity during the urban phase.

Various scholars have suggested that this binding could be dependent upon economic (Allchins, Shaffer and Chatterjee), political, social cultural (Allchins, Chatterjee, Wright and Mughal), traditional (Ratnagar), or religious factors. I believe that if it were only dependent on economic factors, then conflicts should have risen (as they rise today between economic powers), and as conflicts apparently did not under the circumstances it would be wise to reject this suggestion. Now we are left with the other factors, which are very closely interrelated and I suggest that they work best if taken together; in other words, they all come under one word “ideology”. Therefore on the basis of observations given by various Indus scholars, I suggest that people living in the Indus were regulated under one ideology for their own benefits, as there is no clear evidence of any state body controlling their actions, activities or engagements.


Indus; Civilization; Organization; Factors; Ideology

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