Counterproductive Work Behaviour in Nigeria: Validity and Reliability Analysis of the Research Instrument




The objective of this study was to explore a within-subjects experiment on the factor structure,  validity, and reliability of counterproductive work behaviour, psychological contract fulfilment, self-esteem, Machiavellianism and moral identity. The study adopted survey approach to collect 63 usable questionnaires from Nigerian National Petroleum Corporation (NNPC) corporate headquarters in Nigeria as one of the strata. The validity of the instruments was examined by a panel of experts and reliability of the data was analysed using SPSS v22 and SmartPLS v3.2.2. Also, the Exploratory Factor Analysis (EFA) for those scales yielded a 2-factor structure for each variable with the standard fit. The results confirmed the validity and reliability of the instruments adapted in this study.


Counterproductive work behaviour, Psychological contract fulfilment, Self-esteem, Machiavellianism, Moral identity, Validity, and Reliability.

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