Analysing age related changes in Proprioceptive and Kinesthetic sensations in community dwelling elderly subjects.
Aim and objective: The aim of the present study was to determine the kinesthetic and Proprioceptive changes in elderly subject and to determine the precise feedback between kinesthetic and Proprioceptive sensation in elderly group.
Methodology: Samples of convenience of thirty asymptomatic subjects were selected for three groups on the bases of age. Group A was assigned 30 subjects between the age of 20-35 years, group B was assigned 30 subjects between the age of 45-60 years and group C was assigned 30 subjects between the age of 70-85 years. After taking informed consent the subjects were assessed for their kinesthesia and Proprioceptive sensations by a wedge-shaped wooden board.
Result: Analysis of Kinesthesia and Proprioception sensation showed significant alteration in elderly group (group C) and kinesthetic sensation are maximally altered as compared to Proprioceptive sensation in elderly group.
Discussion: Alteration in proprioception and kinesthetic sensation in elderly and also Proprioceptive sensation was more accurate as compare to kinesthetic sensation in elderly group is widely believed on morphology and physiological function of the various sensory structures declined with the increase in age .
Conclusion: The study concluded that proprioception and kinesthetic sensations are altered in elderly group and also kinesthetic sensation is maximally affected as compared to Proprioceptive sensation and so training should be emphasized on cueing of Proprioceptive sensation to reduce the risk of fall in elderly.
Key words: Balance, Proprioception, kinesthesia and elderly.
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