A review study of knowledge on HIV/AIDS prevention in dental practice in India



Introduction: AIDS is a highly lethal, progressively epidemic viral infection that destroys the immune system, increasing the individual’s susceptibility to further oral infections. With time, it has emerged as one of the most serious public health problems.This fact emphasis the need of up-to-date knowledge and awareness of the oral health care professionals who serve these communities.

Aim & Objectives: This review article aims to assess the prevalence of Human immunodeficiency virus in dental practice in India. It focuses on the knowledge of HIV/AIDS amongst dental professionals of India and the effect of the same on the goal of providing quality dental care to the patients with HIV/AIDS.

Methodology: A comprehensive review was undertaken by searching the Google, Pubmed, Research Gate on line, for research articles published between 2010 and 2016.

Results: General awareness of HIV, according to a recent study published in Indian Journal for Dental Research among a sample of Indian dentists appears to be low. The review highlights that the Indian dentists are less well prepared for their future task of treating patients with HIV infection and AIDS and highlight a need for further education.

Conclusion: The results of the present study revealed that Indian dentists have deficiencies with respect to their knowledge and amount of information received on HIV and AIDS related topics. 


<Knowledge, HIV/AIDS, dental practice>

Full Text:




Ngaihte PC, Santella AJ, Watt RG, Raj SS, Vatsyayan V. Knowledge of human immunodeficiency virus, attitudes, and willingness to conduct human immunodeficiency virus testing among Indian dentists. Indian Journal of Dental Research. 2016;27(1): 4-11.

Agarwal J , Agarwal RS, Shrivastava A,Shrivastava S. Analysis of Information, Impact and Control of HIV amongst Dental Professionals of Central India. Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research. 2015;9(7): ZC80-ZC84.

Prabhu A, Rao AP, Reddy V, Krishnakumar R, Thayumanavan S, Swathi SS. HIV/AIDS knowledge and its implications on Dentists. Journal of Natural Science, Biology and Medicine. 2014;5(2): 303–307.

Gambhir RS, Brar P, Singh G, Sofat A, Kakar H. Utilization of dental care: An Indian outlook. Journal of Natural Science, Biology, and Medicine. 2013;4(2):292-7.

Narang RS, Manchanda A, Singh S, Verma N, Padda S. Awareness of biomedical waste management among dental professionals and auxiliary staff in Amritsar, India. Oral Health and Dental Management .2012;11:162-9.

Guruprasad Y, Chauhan DS. Knowledge, attitude and practice regarding risk of HIV infection through accidental needlestick injuries among dental students of Raichur, India. National Journal of Maxillofacial Surgery 2011;2(2):152-5.

Puttaiah R, Shetty S, Bedi R, Verma M. Dental infection control in India at the turn of the century. World Journal of Dentistry. 2010;1:1-6.

Gupta N, Tak J. Needlestick injuries in dentistry. Kathmandu Univ Med J 2011;35(3):208-12.

National AIDS Control Organization – Annual Report 2013‑2014. Ministry of Health and Family Welfare Government of India; 2014.

Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS) – 90‑90‑90 an Ambitious Treatment Target to Help End the AIDS Epidemic; 2014.

Naidoo P. Barriers to HIV care and treatment by doctors: A review of the literature. S Afr Fam Pract J. 2006;48:55‑66.

Nasir EF, Astrom AN, David J, Ali RW. HIV and AIDS related knowledge, sources of information, and reported need for further education among dental students in Sudan: A cross sectional study. BMC Public Health.2008;8:286.

C. C. Azodo, A. O. Ehizele, H. O. Oboro2 and A. Umoh. Concerns and attitude of dental students towards HIV infected Individuals. International Journal of Biomedical and Health Sciences. 2010;6: 37-43.

UNAIDS - Global Report. UNAIDS report on the global AIDS epidemic 2010; 2010.00.

Bindal P, Bindal U, Safi SZ, Hussain K, Radzi A, Safwan H. Dental students’ perceptions on patients with HIV or hepatitis B infection. Annu Res Rev Biol.2014;4:3645-55.

Mathur V, Dwivedi S, Hassan MA, Misra RP. Knowledge, attitude, and practices about biomedical waste management among healthcare personnel: A cross-sectional study. Indian J Community Med. 2011;36:143-5.

Kulkarni S, Jain M, Mathur A, Mehta P, Gupta R, Goutham B. A relation between dental anxiety, the parental family and regularity of dental attendance in India. J Oral Health Comm Dent 2009;3:29-33.

Pollack HA, Pereyra M, Parish CL, Abel S, Messinger S, Singer R, et al. Dentists’ willingness to provide expanded HIV screening in oral health care settings: Results from a nationally representative survey. Am J Public Health.2014;104:872-80.

Benjamin RM. Oral Health Care for People Living with HIV/AIDS. Public Health Rep. 2012;127:1–2.

Sood AG, Sood A. Dental perspective on biomedical waste and mercury management: A knowledge, attitude and practice survey. Ind J Dent Res. 2011;22:371-75.

Ragavendra TR, Mhaske S, Mandora D, Gouraha A. Awareness toward AIDS: A dental perspective. J Orofac Res 2013;3:81-5.


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.