Obstetric complications during pregnancy & delivery: Cross-sectional study among Baiga tribe in Madhya Pradesh



Background: Complications during pregnancy and delivery is an major cause of death of mothers. The present study concerned the identify multiple complications during pregnancy & delivery at home and also the association with socio- demographic factors. Study design: This cross sectional study was conducted among the Baiga women of Dindori district in Madhya Pradesh state, Central India during 2009 to 2010. Detecting for complications was surveyed by conducted interview with women by trained investigator through structured questionnaire. It is based on reported by women as experiences of complications during maternity from previous five years from the survey. Results: The multiple complications during the pregnancy were found such as night blindness (35.1%), blurred vision (9.6%), convulsion (22.0%), swelling of the legs, body & face (32.7%), excessive fatigue (3.0%), anemia (33.6%) and vaginal bleeding (2.5%). The logistic regression analysis revealed that the women age 20-34 years have more likely (significantly associated) to affect with complications as night blindness, anemia & vaginal bleeding. The delivery related complications were found significantly higher among younger women (15-29 years). The socio-demographic factors influenced to the risk of complications. Conclusion: The findings of the study showed that the women cover a risk of obstetric complications. There is a need to provide IEC campaign for creating awareness and effective treatment of complications.

Keywords: Pregnancy, delivery, complication, tribe-marginalized population

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