The Fall of Portuguese Settlement at Nagapattinam and St. Thome in the Coromandel, Seventeenth Century

awungshi shngreiyo rimai

Abstract


This article mainly emphases the fall of Nagapattinam and St. Thome, the two most important trading posts of the Portuguese in the Coromandel Coast. The Portuguese settlement of Nagapattinam in the nayak of Tanjavur was well established necessitating the posting of a captain there in 1542. It had a meteoric rise and was very prosperous with considerable international trade. But the coming of the Dutch, which is a more powerful in sea warfare, captured Nagapattinam on July 20th 1658. Similarly, St. Thome, which is considered as on of the profitable trading port with abundant availability of textile, met the same fate. In 1646 the Sultan of Golconda besieged St.Thome and finally wrested from the Portuguese’s control in 1662. After eleven years the French appeared and captured it from the hands of Golconda forces. But the French could not hold it for long and was subsequently re-captured by the Golconda troops with the help of the Dutch in 1674.


Keywords


TheFallofPortugueseSettlementSt.ThomeandNagapattinamCoromandelSeventeen Century

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