Socio-economic, Demographic and Cultural Characteristics of Street Adolescents in Mumbai
Street adolescent comprises manifestation of the social inequalities like poverty. It is disturbing phenomenon, exclusively urban and apparently from cities. Industrialization, migration, lack of opportunities for education or employment, cruelty and abuse, neglect, natural calamities, broken families are some of the factors leads to an increase in the number of adolescents running away from their homes. However, the phenomenon of street adolescents actually results from rural-urban migration of these adolescents’ parents and immediate environment, as well as the parents’ earlier lives.
An explorative study is undertaken in central and south part of the Mumbai with an objective to investigate socio-economic, demographic and cultural characteristics such as age, sex, religion, education, occupation, family background, place of origin, place of residing currently, reason for migrating to Mumbai and life style, of street adolescents in Mumbai. The sample of this study was purposive. Quantitative data was collected by conducting personal interview with street adolescents, through a pre-designed semi-structured interview schedule after obtaining informed consent. 315 boys and 332 girls were interviewed during survey.The mean age of the participants was about 14 years. Majority were staying on foot path. About 11 percent boys were staying alone. Nearly one fourth of the street adolescents were illiterate. No interest in study and poor economic condition were the major reasons for leaving school. Major reasons for leaving family were; earning money, poor economic condition or had affection towards Mumbai. Study emphasis on need of improving socio-economic and demographic status of street adolescents by using appropriate interventions.
Abraham Leena and K. Anil Kumar, 1999, “Sexual Experience and their Correlates among College Students in Mumbai City,” International Family Planning Perspectives, 25(3), pp 139-146.
Ayaya SO, Esamai FO, 2001, “Health Problems of Street children in Eldoret, Kenya,” East African Medical Journal, 2001 Dec; 78 (12), pp. 624-629.
Bond LS, 1993, “The Sad Reality of Street Children,” Boletin De La Oficina Sanitaria Panamericana, 1993 Feb; 114 (2), pp. 97-104.
Census of India 1991, District Census Hand Book, Greater Mumbai, Series – 14, Maharashtra Part XII – A & B.
Census of India 2001, Paper 1 of 2001, Provisional Population Totals: India.
Chattejee A, 1992, India: The Forgotten Children of the Cities, UNICEF ICDC, Florence, ISBN No. 88-85401-08-2.
D’Souza B, Castelino L and Madangopal D, 2002, “A Demographic Profile of Street Children in Mumbai,” http//www.karmayog.org
Jha Saroj. 1994 “Lifestyle Related Problems of Youth,” The Indian Journal of Social Work, Vol. LV. No. 1, pp 25-39.
Lynch BS and Bonnie RJ, 1994, Growing up Tobacco Free: Preventing Nicotine Addiction in Children and Youths, Washington DC: National Academy Press, ISBN 978-0-309-05129-3.
Miller BC, McCoy JK, Olson TD and Mallace CM 1986, “Parental Discipline and Control Attempts in Relations to Adolescent Sexual Attitudes and Behaviour,” Journal of Marriage and the Family, 1986; 48, pp. 503-512.
Remington F, 1993, “The Forgotten Ones. A Story of Street Children and Schooling in South Asia,” INTEGRATION, 1993 Sep; (37), pp. 40-42.
Richter L, 1997, “Street Children and HIV/AIDS,” AIDS BULLETIN, 1997 Dec; 6 (4), pp. 4-6.
Savara Mira and Sridhar CR, 1992, “Sexual Behaviour of Urban Educated Indian Women: Result of a Survey,” Journal of Family Welfare, 38 (1), pp 30-43.
Savara Mira and Sridhar CR, 1994, “Sexual Behaviour amongst Different Occupational Groups in Maharashtra, India and the Implications for AIDS Education,” Journal of Social Work, Vol. LV, No.4, pp. 617-632.
UNICEF, 1988, “Background Paper prepared by UNICEF,” New Delhi, for National Workshop on Street children held from 29th to 30th August 1988, UNICEF.
WHO Publication, 1988, http//www.who.imt/substance_abuse/pdffiles/module1.pdf
WHO, 1989, “The Health of youth”, Document A/42 Technical Discussion-2, Geneva, Switzerland.
- There are currently no refbacks.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.