Applied Paradigm Shift in the Acquisition of English a Second Language: a Teacher's Perspective

Clarissa M. Palaming

Abstract


Although scientists are still hotly debating the relative importance of nature and nurture in human development, there is a growing agreement that both of them are critical and they work together to shape the way babies acquire languages—first languages, to be specific. And I am sure this one has long intrigued linguists, biologist, psychologists, educators and alike as well. It turns out second language acquisition shows parallels but also a lot of differences to first language acquisition. And second language acquisition theories were developed along the lines of first language acquisition theories. One of the most well-known theories of second language acquisition is Stephen Krashen’s which consists of five main hypotheses. 


Keywords


Teaching English as Second Language, Teaching English, Conceptual Framework in Learning English, English Acquisition, and TESL

Full Text:

PDF

References


Alexander, K., & Alexander, M. D. (1985).American public school law. St. Paul, MN: West Publishing.

August, D., & Shanahan, T. (Eds.).(2006). Executive summary.Developing literacy in second-language learners: Report of the National Literacy Panel on Language-Minority Children and Youth. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum.

Beck, I. L., McKeown, M. G., &Kucan, L. (2002).Bringing words to life: Robust vocabulary instruction. New York: The Guilford Press.

Blatner, W. (2006).Teaching content for language development.Unpublished paper.School of Education, the University of Massachusetts at Amherst.

Bloom, D., Katz, L., Solsken, J., Willett, J., & Wilson-Keenan, J. (2000, January/February).Interpellations of family/community and classroom literacy practices.Journal of Educational Research, 93(3), 155–163.

Caine, R. N., & Caine, G. (1991).Making connections: Teaching and the human brain. Reading, MA: Addison-Wesley.

Calderon, M. (2007).Teaching reading to English language learners, grades 6–12. Thousand Oaks, CA: Corwin Press.

Calkins, L. (1994). The art of teaching writing (new ed.). Portsmouth, NH: Heinemann.

Cohen, E. (1994). Designing groupwork: Strategies for the heterogeneous classroom. New York: Teachers College Press.

Edwards, M. (1999).Pa Lia's first day. New York: Harcourt Brace & Co.

Faltis, C. (2001). Joinfostering: Teaching and learning in multilingual classrooms (3rd ed.). Upper Saddle River, NJ: Merrill/Prentice-Hall.

Gardner, H. (1987, May). Beyond IQ: Education and human development. Harvard Educational Review, 57(2), 187–193.

Gonzalez, J. M., & Darling-Hammond, L. (2000).Programs that prepare teachers to work effectively with students learning English. Washington, DC: Center for Applied Linguistics.

Green, J. (2005). Tornadoes. Washington, DC: National Geographic Society.

Haynes, J. (2008, Fall). Holding effective parent conferences.Essential Teacher, 5(3), 6–7.

Hunter, M. (1982).Mastery teaching: Increasing instructional effectiveness in secondary schools, college, and universities. El Segundo, CA: TIP Publications.

Krashen, S. (1981).Second language acquisition and second language learning. Oxford, United Kingdom: Pergamon Press.

Luke, A. (1994). The social construction of literacy in the classroom. Melbourne, Australia: Macmillan.

Miller, D. (2002). Reading with meaning. York, ME: Stenhouse Publishers.

Putnam, J. (1997). Cooperative learning in diverse classrooms. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice-Hall.

Slavin, R. E. (1991, February).Synthesis of research on cooperative learning.Educational Leadership, 48(50), 71–82.

Slavin, R. E. (1995).Cooperative learning: Theory, research, and practice (2nd ed.). Boston: Allyn and Bacon.

Slavin, R. E. (1996). Research on cooperative learning and achievement: What we know, what we need to know. Contemporary Educational Psychology, 21, 43–69.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.