Printing and Printmaking in Punjab.

Kaumudi Mahesh Prajapati

Abstract


In this research paper, the arrival of printing in Punjab region, its development in the 19th century and its growth as printmaking is discussed. The printing came to Punjab with the British rule. Compared to the other parts of the country, the printing arrived late in this region, in the year 1809 in Ludhiana by the British Missionaries. Soon it spread and printing presses were set up in Lahore. European amateur and professional artists came between the years 1820 to 1838, many European visitors came to Lahore, of which some were skilled artists. The royal family and noblemen came in contact with their works for the first time and were impressed by this 'new' style. Some of them sketched in Punjab and after returning to England got their sketches copied, transferred into prints and published the folios or books. Artists who worked in the bazaar style, mainly at Lahore and Amritsar and catered to the tastes of newly developed middle class, literate public and worked in painting and printmaking medium. Their amalgamated style owes much to the print making practices as it truly fulfills the function and purpose of making prints-multiples made for masses, affordable art which could reach the ordinary household in form of books, magazines, posters or individual prints, which paved way for the present day prints. 


Keywords


Printing, Printmaking, Printing presses, Amateur Artists, Lahore, Amritsar, Display Prints.

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References


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