Interrogating Military Subordination To Civil Rule In Nigeria, 1960-2015
The Military in Nigeria as in other African countries has antecedents of truncating democracy. Consequently, the military has become one of the critical institutions germane to the survival of Nigeria’s nascent democracy. Therefore, traditional concerns of preventing military incursions in politics through subordination to civil rule in Nigeria remain important. Irrespective of elaborate constitutional provisions and good institutional structure for control of the military, total subordination of military to civil rule in Nigeria has remained mildly indecent issue. This is so because the characters of the Nigerian State as a predator state recruiting other predators for selfish interest has made civil rule vulnerable to military interference in Nigeria’s politics. It is not as if the political class did not understand the military neither do they have misconception of civil control of military. The problem is that Nigerian State as an institution does not exist in a vacuum; rather, it is made up of various groups whose political and economic interests are always in constant conflicts. Thus, allowing the military interference in Nigeria’s politics that led to the protracted stay of military in power. Despite this, since May 1999, the military has gradually subordinated itself to civil authorities in Nigeria. This paper through diverse secondary sources and historical analysis interrogates the process that made this possible.
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