A Study on Awareness of Janani Suraksha Yojana (JSY ) among ANC registered women in Karimganj District
ackground and objectives : Janani Suraksha Yojana has been a safe motherhood intervention and modified alternative of the National Maternity Benefit Scheme (NMBS). It ensures quality maternal care during pregnancy, delivery and in the immediate post delivery period along with appropriate referral and transport assistance. It provides three pregnancy related benefits i.e. antenatal care , institutional delivery and post natal care to prevent maternal deaths and pregnancy related complications in women and at the same time ensure the well -being of the mother and the new born . The present study was carried out in Karimganj district to assess the awareness about Janani Suraksha Yojana (JSY) among ANC registered women.
Setting & design: It was a descriptive study.
Methods: Multi Stage Sampling was employed in the selection of the samples. The number of JSY beneficiaries who received at least 1 ANC checkup in each block was considered as ‘strata’ and proportionately the samples were selected from each Block of 7 Blocks of the district. Thus, the total number of samples collected were 373 from 36 villages. However, the representation of the samples was emphasized on the Blocks.
Results: Of the 373 mothers interviewed, (29.22%) were aware about the Janani Suraksha Yojana to some extent. Most respondents (53.6%) have received ANC more than 3 times. A vast majority of the respondents (95.2%) have learnt about the JSY through ASHA. More than half of the respondents have awareness about maternal health. Half of the respondents knew that there exists a programme for pregnant women for safe institutional selivery. A vast majority of the respondents (85.3%) have delivery of the last children at institutions. A majority of the respondents have received financial assistance under JSY. A larger majority of the respondents (84.2%) are advised by ASHA about child immunization. Of the 373 respondents, 231 (61.9%) of them are aware about the postnatal care. Many respondents (51.5%) have consumed 50-100 iron and folic tablets during the last pregnancy.
Conclusion : JSY have a positive outcome for the improvement of reproductive health because it integrates three pregnancy related benefits i.e. antenatal care, institutionalized delivery, and postpartum care. JSY services are significantly increasing the use of antenatal care services and institutional delivery which is one of the main objective of JSY.
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