Prevalence of overweight and obesity in college going girls in Delhi

Kanika Agarwal

Abstract


Background: Overweight and obesity are escalating problems in developing countries and are related to cardiovascular risk factors.

Objectives: The study aimed to assess the prevalence of overweight and obesity in collegiate women.

Methods: A cross sectional study on 224 collegiate women aged 18 to 23 years was conducted in Delhi. Data was collected on anthropometric measurements and body composition parameters using standard techniques.

Results: Using the WHO cuts offs for BMI, the prevalence of overweight and obesity in girls above 19 years of age were at 19% and 1.1% respectively. The prevalence of overweight decreased marginally to 17.9% and obesity increased significantly to 19% while using Asian cut offs. Using WC cut offs (≥80cm), the prevalence of abdominal obesity was 8.9%. There was a statistically significant difference (p<0.05) in WC, body fat (%) across the various BMI categories.

Conclusions: Increased prevalence of cardiovascular risk factors requires immediate attention for adopting preventive plans.


Keywords


Overweight, obesity, body mass index, waist circumference

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References


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