Quality of Life of Elderly Mal Paharia in Jharkhand

Kumar Satyam


The present study is evidence based and investigative in nature for finding the reasons and factors which make impacts on quality of life on elderly Mal Paharia Primitive Tribe of Santhal Pargana in Jharkhand. The study is done after the extensive review of literature and rigorous analysis of primary data. Quantitative tools of data collection have been imparted and adequate amount of quota sample has been incorporated in the study. There are nine primitive tribal groups are found in Jharkhand. Mal Paharia is one the most backward primitive tribes among the other primitive tribes. They have been facing many problems and difficulties in this existing system of governance. One of major problems of elderly Mal Paharia is health consequences due to extreme poverty and negligence. Majority of people of Mal Paharia primitive tribe live under abject poverty and are in debt in the hands of local moneylenders and agents. So, this research conducted in Jharkhand on the peculiar primitive tribes. There are twenty four districts in Jharkhand; among these there are two districts where the Mal Paharia primitive tribe is very prominent. In the study two hundred samples has been taken from Godda and Dumka in Jharkhand. In research data has been taken from different areas like their demographic dividend, different health problems, treatment seeking places, treatment seeking frequencies etc. The result of this study explained that there are many issues and problems in front of elderly Mal Paharia such as health concern, lack of support system and unavailability of services what they require at this stage of their life. The treatment seeking population of elderly Mal Paharias of Dumka is more aware with respect of Godda. There are seventy percent elderly Mal Paharias on an average get treatment from primary health centre, community health centre and district hospitals in Godda. A very less number of elderly Mal Paharias could be able to reach private hospital for their treatment due to poverty and all for their health issues in Dumka. There are also a good number of elderly Mal Paharias get medicine directly from medical store without any consultation of doctors and experts. Result shows that a large number of elderly Mal Paharias are still very far from health facilities and remain endure with their respective health issues and problems. In research finding discovered that a good number of elderly Mal Paharia do not get treatment for health issue. The quality of life may decline due to the lack of the treatment and health facilities the elderly Mal Paharia in Santhal Pargana of Jharkhand. The result of the study showing the relationship between family size quality of life; in study it fetched that the small family size (upto five members) and bigger family size (eleven and above) has not good quality of life with respect to the family having six to ten members. The elderly not get high attention in small family due to absence of individual on full time for taken care off. In the case of family having eleven members and more the elderly has also not good quality of life. The reasons behind it the resources of family uses by younger one and the elderly segregated and isolated. On the other hand the family having six to ten member has better quality of life. The standard number (six to ten) in family allocates the resources in a peculiar fashion where all members get social, economical and psychological support.

Full Text:



Agnihotri, H.K. (1976). Problems of the old age. Journal of Psychological Researchers, 22,1,17-29.

Arun, P. Bali. (1999). (Ed.) Understanding Graying – people of India. New Delhi : Inter India Publications

Béteille, A. 1986. “The Definition of Tribe with Special Reference to India”. European Journal of Sociology, Vol.27

Béteille, André.1986. ‘The Concept of Tribe with Special Reference to India’, Journal of European Sociology, 27(2): 297–318.

Birnbacher, D. (1999). Quality of Life: Evaluation or Description? Ethical Theory and Moral Practice,2(1), 25-36. Retrieved from http://www.jstor.org/stable/27504065

Kluckohn, Florence R. and Strodtbeck, Fred L., 1961: Variations in Value Orientation, Row, Peterson, Illinois.

Kuper, Adam, 1988. The Invention of Primitive Society. London Routledge.

S. K. Chaturvedi. (1995). Quality of Life Research in India: An Overview. Quality of Life Research, 4(5), 410-410. Retrieved from http://www.jstor.org/stable/4034860

Tomei, M. (2005) Indigenous and Tribal Peoples: An Ethnic Audit of Selected Poverty Reduction Strategy Papers (Geneva: International Labour Organization)

Xaxa,V.(2011).Tribes and Social Exclusion. CSSSC-UNICEF Social Inclusion Cell, An Occasional Paper, (2), 1-18.

Irudaya, Rajan S. and U.S.Misra 1995. Defining Old Age: An Indian Assessment. Bold. Vol. 5: 4.

Irudaya, Rajan S., U.S. Misra and P.S.Sharma 1999. India's Elderly: Burden or Challenge? Sage Publications: New Delhi


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.