AVAILABILITY AND USAGE OF INSTRUCTIONAL RESOURCES FOR TEACHING SOCIAL STUDIES IN UPPER BASIC SCHOOLS IN ABUJA, NIGERIA
Instructional Resources count a lot in the teaching/learning process. Efficient use of Instructional Resources induces and sustains good education. Resources and teaching are intertwined, especially in the teaching of social studies. However, in spite of the importance of Instructional resources to teaching, many teachers still do not make use of them. This study attempted to identify and examine the availability and the extent to which social studies teachers make use of instructional materials in their lessons, in Upper Basic Schools of the FCT, Abuja.The descriptive survey type was employed in this study. The target population comprised all the teachers of Upper Basic schools in the FCT, Abuja. Purposive sampling technique was used to select one hundred and fifty (150) social studies teachers from three randomly selected area councils, i.e. Abuja Municipal Area Council (AMAC), Bwari area council, and Gwagwalada area council. The schools in selected area councils were stratified into public and private Schools. All teachers were purposely selected to ensure that the variables of gender, qualification, experience, school type and location were catered for adequately. Also fifty (50) schools were selected from the three area councils for the study.The validity of the instrument was determined through content validity approach and its reliability index of 0.78 was determined through test re-test approach. The major findings revealed that instructional resources used in teaching and learning of Social Studies were not adequately available.
Keywords: Availability, Instructional Resources, Social Studies, FCT Abuja.
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