Environmental Threats of the Unrestrained Tourism and Ecotourism as a Tool against Myopic Wilding of the Natural Resources: Case Study of Himachal Pradesh
Tourism was in the history, is in present, and will remain eternally in the future. This is a phenomenon that it will never stop growing. But with the growth of this industry, we have to focus on its side effects as well. Once cured properly, they can be managed easily in future. In this paper, negative relation between tourism and environment will be discussing. The treats to the environment by the tourism is somehow threat to tourism itself. Because in an environmentally degraded destination, no tourist would love to visit, this would further lead to the exhaustion of the tourism for that destination. Problems caused by tourism and need of planned tourism are discussed further. When the nature of the tourism was tending to create negative impact on the environment, and when with the growth of this sector it was getting worse, need of sustainable development of tourism has been felt. Gradually a new concept has emerged which was totally inclined toward the environmental protection and promotion of eco friendly tourism. Ecotourism came in the literature in seventies and it kept humming all the time. Because, that time tourism sector and its negative impacts on the environment were considered not so important than other issues present in the world, but gradually tourism grew enormous and simultaneously the negative impacts too. Then, the term, ecotourism started buzzing everywhere and it has become the most important approach to develop the tourism industry.
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