Development of Adventure Tourism and Its Increasing Significance in Nature Based Tourism: Case Study of Himachal Pradesh
Adventure Tourism is mainly seen as thrilling activities tourism such as mountaineering, trekking, sailing, white water rafting, angling, ballooning, parachuting so on and so forth. Easy accessibilities of the communication gadgets and cheep data usages have allowed every second person to check out the desired destination and plan the holidays. Therefore, adventure Tourism is becoming most favorite task for the younger generations, who wants to venture into and experience the unknown adventure world. Adventure tourism involves travel and leisure activities pursued with the expectation that they will produce a rewarding, adventurous experience. Adventure tourism can be defined as travel to a destination to participate in adventurous activities in a natural environment. Two categories of adventure are distinguished, namely soft and hard adventure. Soft adventure includes activities such as bird-watching, hiking, camping horseback riding etc., and it requires relatively little physical skill and little or no experience. Hard adventure includes activities such as rock climbing, mountaineering, survival games caving etc. Hard adventure has high levels of risk and participants are more likely to engage in physically and mentally challenging outdoor activities. In this paper an attempt has been made to define the adventure tourism in simple way, also attempt has been made to discuss adventure tourism in India and the products offered by the tourism industry in Himachal Pradesh, its scope and government efforts to boost this sector of tourism in India.
Beedie, P. (2003): Adventure Tourism, In S.Hudson: Sport and Adventure Tourism, The Haworth Hospitality Press, New York.
Bhatia A.K (2003): Tourism Development and Practice, Sterling Publishers Pvt. Ltd., New Delhi.
Buckley R.C. (2000). Neat Trends: Current Issues in Nature, Eco and Adventure Tourism. International Journal of Tourism Research 2: 437-444
Buckley, R.C. (2004a). Skilled Commercial Adventure: The Edge of Tourism. In: Singh, T.V. Ed. New Horizons in Tourism. Cab International, Oxford: 37-48.
Buckley, R.C. (2004b). Impacts of Ecotourism on Birds. In Buckley, R. (Ed) Environmental Impacts of Ecotourism. Cab International, Oxford: 187-209.
Buckley, R.C. (2004c). Impacts of Ecotourism On Terrestrial Wildlife. In Buckley, R. (Ed) Environmental Impacts of Ecotourism. Cab International, Oxford.
R. Buckley (2006). Adventure Tourism, Cab International Oxford.
Buckley, Ralf (2012). Rush as a Key Motivation in Skilled Adventure Tourism: Resolving The Risk Recreation Paradox.
Fluker, M.R. & Turner, L.W. (2000). Needs, Motivations And Expectations Of A Commercial White-Water Rafting Experience. Journal Of Travel Research, 38(4):380- 389, May.
Hall C.M. & S. Mc Arthus (Eds.) (1992): Special Interest Tourism, Belhaven, London.
Sung, H.H., Morrison, A.M. & O’leary, J.T. (1997). Definition Of Adventure Travel: Conceptual Framework for Empirical Application from the Provider’s Perspective. Asia- Pacific Journal of Tourism Research, 1(2):47-67.
Travel Industry Dictionary (Tid). (2012). Http://Www.Travel-Industry-Dictionary.Com
Weber, K. (2001). Outdoor Adventure Tourism: A Review of Research Approaches. Annals of Tourism Research, 28(2):360-377.
Zuckerman, M. (1990). The Psychophysiology of Sensation Seeking. Journal of Personality, 58(1):313-345.
- There are currently no refbacks.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.