The Antecedents Effect of the Big Five Personality Traits on Strengthen Teamwork and Interpersonal Skills among Yemeni Higher Education Graduates
Teamwork and interpersonal skills are often cited as key criteria for hiring higher education graduates. Due to increasing importance of these skills, this study aimed to evaluate the effect of personality traits on strengthening teamwork and interpersonal skills among higher education graduates. To test the hypothesized model of this study, the data were collected from graduates recently hired in private sector corporations in Sana’a, Yemen using a self-administered questionnaire. Out of 220 distributed questionnaires, 134 questionnaires retuned completed and used for the final analysis. Data was analyzed using Partial Least Square Structural Equation Modelling. The results of this study were supported the hypothesized relationships proposed in this study. The results indicated that the Big Five Personality traits have significant effects on strengthen graduates’ teamwork and interpersonal skills. With the exception of negative effect of neuroticism trait, all traits used in this study cause a positive significant effect strengthen graduates’ teamwork and interpersonal skills. This study contributes to the growing literature on strengthening graduates skills. The originality value of this study stems from that it is considered as the first empirical study that examines the collective effect of personal characteristics on strengthening the teamwork and interpersonal skills among graduates.
Abdul Hamid, M. S., Islam, R., & Abd Manaf, N. H. (2014). Employability skills development approaches: an application of the analytic network process. Asian Academy of Management Journal, 19(1), 93–111.
Akindele, D. O. (2012). Enhancing teamwork and communication skills among first year students at the University of Botswana. TESOL Journal, 6(1), 2 – 15.
Al-Rimi, H. S. S. (2012). Community colleges and its central role in qualifying educational outcomes. Working Paper Submitted For The Regional Expert Meeting On Education And Technical And Vocational Training In The Arab States. (March 17-19), Muscat, Sultanate of Oman.
Bakx, A. W. E. A., Van Der Sanden, J. M. M., Sijtsma, K., Croon, M. A., & Vermetten, Y. J. M. (2006). The role of students’ personality characteristics, self-perceived competence and learning conceptions in the acquisition and development of social communicative competence: a longitudinal study. Higher Education, 51, 71–104. doi:10.1007/s10734-004-6377-6
Bakx, A. W. E. A., Van der Sanden, J. M. M., & Vermetten, Y. J. M. (2002). Personality and individual learning theories: A cross sectional study in the context of social-communicative training. Personality and Individual Differences, 32, 1129–1245.
Bandura, A. (1999). Social cognitive theory: An agentic perspective. Asian Journal of Social Psychology, 2, 21–41.
Barrick, M. R., & Mount M. K. (1991). The Big five personality dimensions and job performance: A meta-analysis review. Personal Psychology, 44, 1-26.
Brock, S. E., McAliney, P. J., Ma, C. H., & Sen, A. (2017). Toward more practical measurement of teamwork skills. Journal of Workplace Learning, 29(2), 124-133. doi:10.1108/JWL-07-2016-0069
Chin, W.W. (2010). How to write up and report PLS analyses. In V. E. Vinzi, W.W. Chin, J. Henseler, & H. Wang (Eds.), Handbook of partial least squares: Concepts, Methods and Applications (pp. 655–690). London: Springer.
Clarke, M., & Patrickson, M. (2008). The new covenant of employability. Employee Relations, 30(2), 121-141. doi:10.1108/01425450810843320
Cohen, J. (1988). Statistical power analysis for the behavioral sciences (2nd ed.). Hillsdale: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, NJ.
Cooper, D. R., & Schindler, P. S. (2011). Business Research Methods (3rd ed.). UK: McGraw Hill Education.
Costa, P. T., Jr., & McCrae, R. R. (1992). Normal personality assessment in clinical practice: The NEO personality inventory. Psychological Assessment, 4(1), 5-13.
Cox, P. L., & Friedman, B. A. (2009). The team boat exercise: Enhancing team communication midsemester. Business Communication Quarterly, 72, 230-238. doi:10.1177/1080569909334561
Curtis, D., & McKenzie, P. (2002). Employability skills for Australian industry: Literature review and framework development. Australian Council for Educational Research (ACER). http://citeseerx.ist.psu.edu/viewdoc/download?doi=10.1.1.198.5351&rep=rep1&type=pdf Accessed 25 June 2016
Funder, D. C. (2013). The personality puzzle (6th ed.). New York: W.W. Norton & Company.
Ghafari, H., Shahraki, K., Rajaby, M., Safanor, M., & Baboli, A. T. (2012). Studying impact of personality traits on critical thinking skills (the case of graduate students of University of Isfahan). Journal of Basic and Applied Scientific Research, 2(7), 6973 - 6978.
Goldberg, L. R. (1992). The development of markers for the Big-Five factor structure. Psychological Assessment, 4, 26-42.
Hair, J. F., Ringle, C. M., & Sarstedt, M. (2011). PLS-SEM: indeed a silver bullet. Journal of Marketing Theory and Practice, 19(2), 139–151. doi:10.2753/MTP1069-6679190202
Hobson, C. J., Strupeck, D., Griffin, A., Szostek, J., Selladurai, R., & Rominger, A. S. (2013a). Field testing a behavioral teamwork assessment tool with U.S. undergraduate business students. Education and Accreditation, 5(2), 17-27.
Hobson, C. J., Strupeck, D., Griffin, A., Szostek, J., Selladurai, R., & Rominger, A. (2013b) Facilitating and documenting behavioral improvements in business student teamwork skills. Business Education Innovation Journal, 5(1), 83-95.
Huey, S.J., & Weisz, J. R. (1997). Ego control, ego resiliency, and the Five-Factor Model as predictors of behavioral and emotional problems in clinic-referred children and adolescents. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 106(3), 404-415.
John, O. P., & Srivastava, S. (1999). The Big-Five trait taxonomy: History, measurement, and theoretical perspectives. In L. A. Pervin & O. P. John (Eds.), Handbook of personality: Theory and research (2nd ed.), (pp. 102–138). New York: Guilford.
Kee, C. P., Ahmad, F., Ibrahim, F., & Nie, K. S. (2012). Correlating graduate marketability dimensions with the measurements of university-student relationship. Asian Social Science, 8(6), 63-73. doi:10.5539/ass.v8n6p63
Kumar, D., & Jain, V. (2010). Survival skills of business management graduates: a study with reference to retail and banking. Far East Journal of Psychology and Business, 1(1), 49-77.
Manai, A., & Holmlund, M. (2015). Self-marketing brand skills for business students. Marketing Intelligence & Planning, 33(5), 749-762. doi:10.1108/MIP-09-2013-0141
McAdams, D. P. (1992). The five-factor model in personality: A critical appraisal. Journal of Personality, 60(2), 329-361.
McCorkle, D. E., Alexander, J. F., Reardon, J., & Kling, N. D. (2003). Developing self-marketing skills: are marketing students prepared for the job search? Journal of Marketing Education, 25(3), 196-207. doi:10.1177/0273475303257517
McCrae, R. R., & Costa, P. T., Jr. (1997). Personality trait structure as a human universal. American Psychologist, 52(5), 509-516.
McCrae, R. R., & John, O. P. (1992). An introduction of the five-factor model and its applications. Journal of Personality, 60(2), 175-215.
McCrae, R. R., & Terracciano, A., & 78 Members of the personallity profiles of cultures project. (2005). universal features of personality traits from the observer’s perspective: data from 50 cultures. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 88(3), 547–561. doi:10.1037/0022-3522.214.171.1247
Motah, M. (2008).The influence of intelligence and personality on the use of soft skills in research projects among final year university students: a case study. Proceedings of the Informing Science & IT Education Conference (InSITE), 19-230.
Mount, M. K., & Barrick, M. R. (1995). The big five personality dimensions: Implications for research and practice in human resources management. Research in Personnel and Human Resources Management, 13, 153-200.
O'Neill, T., & Kline, T. (2008). Personality as a predictor of teamwork: A business simulator study. North American Journal of Psychology, 10(1), 65-77.
Paguio, R., & Jackling, B. (2016). Teamwork from accounting graduates: what do employers really expect? Accounting Research Journal, 29(3), 348 – 366. doi:10.1108/ARJ-05-2014-0049
Riebe, L., Reopen, D., Santarelli, B., & Marchioro, G. (2010). Teamwork: effectively teaching an employability skill. Education & Training, 52(6/7), 528-539.
Robles, M. M. (2012). Executive perceptions of the top 10 soft skills needed in today’s workplace. Business Communication Quarterly, 75(4), 453-465.
Rothmann, S., & Coetzer, E. P. (2003). The big five personality dimensions and job performance. Journal of Industrial Psychology, 29(1), 68-74.
Shakir, R. (2009). Soft skills at the Malaysian institutes of higher learning. Asia Pacific Educ. Rev., 10, 309–315. doi:10.1007/s12564-009-9038-8
Stevens, M. J., & Campion, M. A. (1994). The knowledge, skill, and ability requirements for teamwork: implications for human resource management. Journal of Management, 20, 503-530.
The Supreme Council of Education Planning (SCEP). (2011, August). Educational indicators of the Republic of Yemen: Stages - various types 2009-2010 (9th ed.). Sana’a: The Prime Minister.
Thompson, L. L. (2011). Making the team: A guide for managers (4th ed.). Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson-Prentice Hall.
Thompson, L., Aranda, E., Robbins, S. P., & others. (2002). Tools for teams: building effective teams in the workplace. USA: Prentice Hall, Inc.
Van der Heijde, C. M., & Van der Heijden, B. J. M. (2006). A Competence-based and multidimensional operationalization and measurement of employability. Human Resource Management, 45(3), 449–476. doi:10.1002/hrm.20119
Wortley, R. (2011). Psychological criminology: an integrative approach (1st ed.). New York: Routledge or Taylor & Francis Group.
Wuchty, S., Jones, B. F., & Uzzi, B. (2007). The increasing dominance of teams in production of knowledge. Science, 316 (5827), 1036–1039.
Zaccaro, S. J., & Dirosa, G. A. (2012). The processes of team staffing: a review of relevant studies. International Review of Industrial and Organizational Psychology, 27, 197-229. doi:10.1002/9781118311141.ch7
- There are currently no refbacks.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.