Clinician Patterns of Ankle Brace Commendation and Observation of Aspects Related with Brace Practice

Ahmad Raza Hameed, Madiha Riaz, Saqib Wali

Abstract


A group of athletic trainers and physical therapists were surveyed to determine which ankle braces they recommend most frequently to prevent ankle sprain injury, which factors associated with brace use influence decisions about ankle brace recommendation, and to determine if perceptions about factors associated with brace use are related to patterns of ankle brace recommendation. The ASO brace was the ankle brace recommended most frequently. Clinicians reported effectiveness in preventing ankle sprain injury was the most influential factor when recommending a specific ankle brace. Additionally, clinicians reported comfort of an ankle brace was the next most influential factor. Clinicians’ concern about reduced ankle muscle strength after wearing an ankle brace for a period of time was related to the likelihood of whether they would recommend use of an ankle brace for patients after an ankle sprain injury.


Keywords


athletic trainers, physical therapists, ankle braces, ankle sprain injury,

Full Text:

PDF

References


Amoroso PJ, Ryan JB, Bickley B, Leitschuh P, Taylor DC, Jones BH. Braced for impact: reducing military paratroopers' ankle sprains using outside-the-boot braces. J Trauma-Injury Infection Crit. Care. 1998; 45:575-580.

Anderson TE, Floerenes TW, Arnason A, Bahr R. Video analysis of the mechanisms of injury in football. Am J Sports Med. 2004; 32:69S-79S.

Bahr R, Lian O, Bahr IA. A twofold reduction in the incidence of acute ankle sprains in volleyball after the introduction of an injury prevention program: A prospective cohort study. Scand J Med Sci Sports. 1997; 7:172-177.

Bocchinfuso C, Sitler M, Kimura I. Effects of two semi-rigid ankle stabilizers on performance involving speed, agility, and vertical power. J Sports Rehabil. 1994; 3:125-134.

Bosnjak M, Tuten TL. Classifying Response Behaviors in Web-based Surveys. JCMC. 2001; 6:

Burks RT, Bean BG, Marcus R, Barker HB. Analysis of athletic performance with prophylactic ankle devices. Am J Sports Med. 1991; 19:104-106.

Cole Shu Tian. Comparing mail and web-based survey distribution methods: results of surveys to leisure travel retailers. Journal of Travel Research. 2005; 43:422-430.

Cordova ML, Armstrong CW, Rankin JM, Yeasting RA. Ground reaction forces and EMG activity with ankle bracing during inversion stress. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 1998; 30:1363-1370.

Cordova ML, Cardona CV, Ingersoll CD, Sandrey MA. Long-Term ankle brace use does not effect peroneus longus muscle latency during sudden inversion in normal subjects. J Athletic Train. 2000; 35:407-411.

Cordova ML, Ingersoll CD, LeBlanc MJ. Influence of ankle support on joint range of motion before and after exercise: a meta-analysis. J Orthop Sports Phys Ther. 2000; 30:170-

Cordova ML, Ingersoll CD, Palmieri RM. Efficacy of Prophylactic ankle support: an experimental perspective. J Athletic Train. 2002; 37:446-457.

Dillman D. Mail and Telephone Surveys: the Total Design Method. 1978. New York: Wiley.

Dillman D. Mail and Internet surveys: The tailored design method. 2000. New York, NY: Wiley.

Dillman D, Totora RD, Conradt J, Bowker D. Influence of plain versus fancy design on response rates for web surveys. Paper presented at the annual meetings of the American Statistical Association, Dallas, TX, 1998.

Eils E, Demming C, Kollmeier G, Thorwesten L, Volker K, Rosenbaum D. Evaluation passive and rapidly induced stability in subjects with chronic ankle instability. Clinical Biomechanics. 2002; 17:526-535.

Eils E, Rosenbaum D. The main function of ankle braces is to control the joint position before landing. Foot Ankle Int. 2003; 24:263-8.

Garrick JG. The frequency of injury, mechanism of injury, and epidemiology of ankle sprains. Am J Sports Med. 1977; 5:241-242.

Garrick JG, Requa RK. The epidemiology of foot and ankle injuries in sports. Clin. Sports Med. 1988; 7:29-36.

Greene TA, Hillman SK. Comparison of support provided by a semi-rigid orthosis and adhesive ankle taping before, during and after exercise. Am J Sports Med. 1990; 18:498-506.

Grimm DJ, Fallat L. Injuries of the foot and ankle in occupational medicine: a 1-year study. J of Foot and Ankle Surgery. 1999; 38:102-8.

Gross MT, Ballard CL, Jackson ED, Mears HG. Comparison of DonJoy Ankle Ligament Protector and Aircast Sport-Stirrup orthoses in restricting foot and ankle motion before and after exercise. J Orthop Sports Phys Ther. 1992; 16:60-67.

Gross MT, Batten AM, Lamm AL, al. et. Comparison of DonJoy ankle ligament protector and subtalar sling ankle taping in restricting foot and ankle motion before and after exercise. J Orthop Sports Phys Ther. 1994; 19:33-41.

Gross MT, Clemence LM, Cox BD, al. et. Effect of ankle orthoses on functional performance for individuals with recurrent lateral ankle sprains. J Orthop Sports Phys Ther. 1997; 25:245-252.

Gross MT, Everts JR, Roberson SE, Roskin DS, Young KH. Effect of DonJoy Ankle Ligament Protector and Aircast Sport-Stirrup orthoses on functional performance. J Orthop Sports Phys Ther. 1994; 19:150-156.

Gross MT, Lapp AK, Davis JM. Comparison of Swede-O-Universal Ankle support and Aircast Sport-Stirrup orthoses and ankle tape in restricting eversion-inversion before and after exercise. J Orthop Sports Phys Ther. 1991; 13:11-19.

Gross MT, Liu HY. The Role of Ankle Bracing for the Prevention of Ankle Sprain Injuries. J Orthop Sports Phys Ther. 2003; 33:572-7.

Hals TM, Sitler MR, Mattacola CG. Effect of a semi-rigid ankle stabilizer on performance in persons with functional ankle instability. J Orthop Sports Phys Ther. 2000; 30:552-556.

Hamill J, Knutzen KM, Bates BT, Kirkpatrick G. Evaluation of two ankle appliances using ground reaction force data. J Orthop Sports Phys Ther. 1986; 7:244-249.

Hamilton, MB. Online survey response rates and times: Background and guidance for industry. 2003. Tercent Inc.: www.supersurvey.com.

Hartsell HD, Spaulding SJ. Effectiveness of external orthotic support on passive soft tissue resistance of the chronically unstable ankle. Foot Ankle Int. 1997; 18:144-50.

Jerosch J, Thorwesten L, Frebel T, Linnenbecker S. Influence of external stabilizing devices of the ankle on sports-specific capabilities. Knee Surg Sports Traumatol Arthrosc. 1997; 5:50-57.

Kaplowitz Michael D., Hadlock Timothy D., Levine Ralph. A Comparison of Web and Mail Survey Response Rates. Public Opinion Quarterly. 2004; 68:94-101.

Knapp F, Heidingsfelder M. Drop-out analysis: The effect of research design. In U. Reips and e. al. (eds.), Current Internet science. Trends, techniques, results. 1999. Available: http://www.dgof.de/tband99/pdfs/i_p/knapp.pdf

MacKean LC, Bell G, Burnham RS. Prophylactic ankle bracing vs. taping: Effects on functional performance in female basketball players. J Orthop Sports Phys Ther. 1995; 22:77-81.

Macpherson K, Sitler M, Kimura I, Horodyski M. Effects of a semi-rigid and softshell prophylactic ankle stabilizer on selected performance tests among high school football players. J Orthop Sports Phys Ther. 1995; 21:147-152.

McCaw ST, Cerullo JF. Prophylactic ankle stabilizers affect ankle joint kinematics during drop landings. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 1999; 31:702-7.

McKay GD, Goldie PA, Payne WR, Oakes BW. Ankle Injuries in basketball: injury rate and risk factors. Br J Sports Med. 2001; 35:103-8.

Meeuwisse WH, Sellmer R, Hagel BE. Rates and risks of injury during intercollegiate basketball. Am J Sports Med. 2003; 31:379-85.

Milgrom C, Shlamkovitch N, Finestone A, et al. Risk factors for lateral ankle sprains: A prospective study among military recruits. Foot Ankle. 1991; 12:26-30.

Nishikawa T, Kurosaka M, Mizuno K, Grabiner M. Protection and performance effects of ankle bracing. Int Orthop. 2000; 24:285-288.

Palmieri RM, Ingersoll CD, Cordova ML, Kinzey SJ. Prolonged Ankle brace application does not affect the spectral properties of postural sway. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2001; 33(suppl):153.

Pienkowski D, McMorrow M, Shapiro R, Caborn DN, Stayton J. The effect of ankle stabilizers on athletic performance: A randomized prospective study. Am J Sports Med. 1995; 23:757-762.

Pope RW, Schumacher Jr. JT, Creedon JF. The effectiveness of the parachutist ankle brace in reducing ankle injuries in an airborne Ranger battalion. Military Med. 2000; 165:944-8.

Prebble TB, Chyou P, Wittman L, McCormick J, Collins K, Zoch T. Basketball Injuries in a Rural Area. WMJ. 1999; 98:22-4.

Riemann BL, Schmitz RJ, Gale M, McCaw ST. Effect of ankle taping and bracing on vertical ground reaction forces during drop landings before and after treadmill jogging. J Orthop Sports Phys Ther. 2002; 32:628-35.

Rovere GD, Clarke TJ, Yates CS, Burley K. Retrospective comparison of ankle taping and ankle stabilizers in preventing ankle injuries. Am J Sports Med. 1988; 16:228-233.

Santos MJ, McIntire K, Foecking J, Liu W. The effects of ankle bracing on motion of the knee and hip joint during trunk rotation tasks. Clinical Biomechanics. 2004; 19:964-971.

Schumacher JT, Creedon JF, Pope RW. The effectiveness of the parachutist ankle brace in reducing ankle injuries in an airborne ranger battalion. Military Med. 2000; 165:944-948.

Sharpe SR, Knapik J, Jones B. Ankle Braces effectively reduce recurrence of ankle sprains in female soccer players. J Athletic Train. 1997; 32:21-24.

Siegler S, Liu W, Sennett B, Nobilini RJ, Dunbar D. The three-dimensional passive support characteristics of ankle braces. J Orthop Sports Phys Ther. 1997; 26:299-309.

Sills SJ, Song. Innovations in Survey Research: An Application of Web-Based Surveys. Social Science Computer Review. 2002; 20:22-30.

Simpson KJ, Cravens S, Higbie E, Theodorou C, DelRey P. A comparison of the SportStirrup, Malleoloc, and Swede-O-Universal ankle orthoses for the foot-ankle kinematics of a rapid lateral movement. Int J Sports Med. 1999; 20:396-402.

Sitler M, Ryan J, Wheeler B, et al. The efficacy of a semi-rigid ankle stabilizer to reduce acute ankle injuries in basketball: A randomized clinical study at West Point. Am J Sports Med. 1994; 22:454-461.

Surve I, Schwellnuw MP, Noakes T, Lombard C. A fivefold reduction in the incidence of recurrent ankle sprains in soccer players using the Sport-Stirrup orthosis. Am J Sports Med. 1994; 22:601-606.

Tropp H, Askling C, Gillquist J. Prevention of ankle sprain. Am J Sports Med. 1985; 13:259-262.

Ubell ML, Boylan JP, Ashton-Miller JA, Wojtys EM. The effect of ankle braces on the prevention of dynamic forced ankle inversion. Am J Sports Med. 2003; 31:935-40.

Vaes PH, Duquet W, Casteleyn PP, Handelberg F, Opdecam P. Static and dynamic roentgenographic analysis of ankle stability in braced and non-braced stable and functionally unstable ankles. Am J Sports Med. 1998; 26:692-702.

Verbugge JD. The effects of semi-rigid Air-Stirrup bracing vs. adhesive ankle taping on motor performance. J Orthop Sports Phys Ther. 1996; 23:320-325.

Verhagen EAL, Van der Beek AJ, Bouter Lm, Bahr RM, Van Mechelen W. A one season prospective cohort study of volleyball injuries. Brit J Sports Med. 2004; 38:477-81.

Wiley JP, Nigg BM. The effect of an ankle orthosis on ankle range of motion and performance. J Orthop Sports Phys Ther. 1996; 23:362-369.

Wilkerson GB. Biomechanical and Neuromuscular Effects of Ankle Taping and Bracing. J Athletic Train. 2002; 37:436-445.

Wright IC, Neptune RR, van den Bogert AJ, Nigg BM. The influence of foot positioning on ankle sprains. J Biomechanics. 2000; 33:513-9.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.