Nigeria and 21st Century Democratic Dispensation

Okpe Victor Vincent


With the inception of the 21st century in Nigeria politics, the expectation for good governance became high.. This was as a result of the  country’s return to democratic system after several years of military regimes in 1999.  However, despite its return to a civilian administration, the menace has been on enjoyment of democratic dividends. This study, therefore, makes a conceptual and explorative understanding of Nigeria’s 21st century democratic dispensation. The study infers that despite years of civilian rule since 1999, there are challenges ranging from election malpractises, insecurity, poverty and economic mismanagement which pose threat to the current demeocratic dispensation in Nigeria. The qualitative method of study is adopted and secondary data used. This study, therefore, recommends that the constitution should be thoroughly checked and reviewed  in order to effect positive changes in the society. The political leadership must have the will to turn around the socio-economic and political challenges facing the country so as to ensure development in all sensitive and non sensitive sectors.  If all these are given adequate attentions, Nigeria’s democratization would be positioned higher in the midst of other democracies.


Nigeria, 21st century, Democratic Dispensation

Full Text:



Annual Report on the Human Rights situation in Nigeria (2001), CDHR, Lagos

Annual Report on the Human Rights situation in Nigeria (2001), CDHR, Lagos

Chabal, P. (1992), Power in Africa: An Essay in Political Interpretation. New York; St. Martins

Cohen, C. (1971), Democracy Athens, University of Georgia Press Democracy Report 2001, Publication

Department of Defense Dictionary (2005). Infrastructure. Department of Defense dictionary of military

Edigheji, O (2005) A Democratic developmental State in Africa. A Research Report 105, Centre for Policy Studies. Johannesburg, South Africa.

February 13-14

Harrington, E. (2012), Religion is not driving extremist violence in Nigeria, says Obama officials, after church bombing, CNS News Retrieved on 17th October 2013 from www.cncnews/news/artcle/.../


Kwasau, M.A. (2013), The challenges of democratic consolidation in Nigeria’s Fourth Republic. European Scientific Journal, March Edition, vol. 9 No. 8 Pp 181-192.

Mallam B (2009) National Security as a tool for Sustainable Democracy in Nigeria: An Assessment of Nigerian Police Force. Paper presented at National Conference on Security and Nigeria's Quest for Development. Organized by the Kaduna State University Kaduna

Mamudu K.G & Hassan, L.W. (2011). Legitimacy in Governance. Ibadan: Yolani Press.

MO Ibrahim, (2013) Development index: Nigeria among the Poorest, Failing States.

Mohammed, U (2013), Nigeria’s elected system: A change to sustainable democracy in the fourth republic. International Journal of innovative Research and Development Pp. 567- 581. Available at www.ijird

Momoh, A (2007) Provisional Notes on Authoritarian Democracy in Nigeria. Paper Presented at

Nwalonue, E.E, and Ojukwu, N. (2012). Legislative Efficiency and Democratic Stability in the Fourth Republic Governance and Politics of Nigeria: A Re-appraisal of National Assembly. Kuwait Chapter of Arabian Journal of Business and Management Review, 1(9): May

Of Civil Society Pro-Democracy Network

Osimiri, P. (2009), “Neo-Liberalism and the quest for Good Governance in Nigeria” in Edo, T. et al (eds),


Problems, Challenges, and Prospects. Kano: Centre for Democratic Research and Training.

the International Conference titled: Nigeria’s Democratic Development, 1999-2007: Trends,

UNDP (2007) Governance for Sustainable Human Development, A UNDP Policy Paper

Victor, R, (2002). Collective Memory, National Identity, and Ethnic conflict


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.