Facial Index as seen at the University of Ilorin Teaching Hospital (UITH), Ilorin Nigeria.

Stephen Agbomhekhe Ogah, Folu Emmanuel Ologe, Adekunle David Dunmade, Ismaila Adigun Lawal

Abstract


Background: University of Ilorin Teaching Hospital is a 500-bed hospital located in Ilorin the Kwara state capital in North Central zone of Nigeria. It subserves about eight states namely Kwara, Kogi, Niger, Oyo, Osun, Ekiti, Lagos, part of Kebbi state and The Federal Capital Territory (FCT) Abuja.            

Objectives: To determine the facial index in the target population, compare it in both sexes and with previous studies in the literature.

Methodology: Eight hundred and ninety three volunteers (428 males and 465 females) within the age range of 18 to 35 years were recruited for the study. Data were obtained from them using standard anthropometric methods and were analysed using the Statistical Package for Social Science (SPSS Version 17.0) computer soft ware. Values were expressed as mean standard deviation (SD) and a p-value of <0.05 was considered significant.

Results: Male to female ratio was 1:1.1, mean age for male was 26.48± 4.86 and female was 26.31±4.85. Mean BMI was 22.37± 1.73kgm2 for males and 22.21±1.71 for females. Yoruba (82.3%) constitute the majority and the rest were Hausa (7.1%), Fulani (4.6%), Ibo (4.1%).

Euriprosopic face shape (72%), Mesoprosopic (14%), Leptoprosopic (9%), Hypereuriprosopic (5%) and Hyperleptoprosopic (0%).

Conclusion: Euriprosopic face shape was most common in both males and females, and also in the studied population.

Key words: Facial, index, nasion-gnathion,bizygomatic, shape


Keywords


Facial, index, nasion-gnathion, bizygomatic, shape

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