Prevalence of Depression in Chronic Kidney Disease patients on maintenance haemodialysis
Background: There is higher prevalence of depression in chronic kidney disease patients than in general population. This study was carried out to know the prevalence of depression in chronic kidney disease patients on haemodialysis.
Materials and Methods: This cross sectional study was conducted at Nephrology department government teaching hospital Shahdara, affiliated with Fatima Jinnah Medical University/ Sir Ganga Ram hospital, Lahore. After taking informed consent, data was collected from 150 patients of chronic kidney disease on maintenance haemodialysis . Diagnosis of depression was made according to Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 4th Edition.
Results: Out of 150 patients, there were 81 (54%) males and 69 (46%) females. Depression was present in 105 (70%) patients of chronic kidney disease on haemodialysis. Depression was found to be more prevalent in age group 36-55 years p-value 0.001. There was also a significant association of depression in CKD with comorbidities p-value 0.001. There was no significant association of depression among CKD with gender and time since start of dialysis p-value 0.334 and 0.227 respectively.
Conclusion: Majority of chronic kidney disease patients undergoing haemodialysis were depressed .
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