Inlay Decoration on the Sarcophagus of Jahangir’s Tomb

farah khan

Abstract


Abstract

Jahangir’s Tomb is located in Shahdara Lahore, Pakistan. This tomb marks the transitional phase of inlay decoration in the sub-continent. Inlay work on the sarcophagus of Jahangir’s tomb is noteworthy in its expression and decorative vocabulary. The rhythmic beauty of designs and technique achieved such a height of appreciation and acknowledgement that it has been considered as one the finest surface decoration among the world’s best architectural surface decorations.

It is debatable among the scholars for the origin of pietra dura technique. This article aims at tracing out the origin of this technique and to prove it with evidences that it was not purely the European technique but an amalgamation of Islamic and European influences. “The technique developed quite separately in India and is usually characterized by a unique distinct style”. (Tillotson, 1990, p. 58)

This article provides references to solve the ambiguity of the origin of pietra dura technique especially with reference to the Indian Sub-continent. It facilitates in tracing different influences involved in the formation of decorative designs. This article explores the philosophy and purpose of the ornamental patterns used on the sarcophagus of Jahangir’s Tomb and highlights the importance of the local artisans who contributed in the development of this technique.

 

Key Words: Jahangir’s Tomb, Inlay decoration, sub-continent, pietra dura, European technique, decorative designs, sarcophagus, India.


Keywords


Jahangir’s Tomb, Inlay decoration, sub-continent, pietra dura, European technique, decorative designs, sarcophagus, India

Full Text:

PDF

References


REFERENCES

Brend, Barbara. (1991). Islamic Art. London: The British Museum Press.

Brend, Barbara. (1998). Islamic Art. New York: Thames and Hudson.

Brown, Percy. (1942). Indian Architecture: The Islamic Period. Bombay: D. B. Taraporevala Sons.

Creswell, K. A.C. (1958). A Short Account of Early Muslim Architecture. London: Penguin Books.

Dar, Saifur Rehman. (2010). Crafts of Lahore. Lahore: Punjab Small Industries Corporation.

Ghirshman, Roman. (1962). Persian Art: The Parthian and Sasanian Dynasties 249 B.C-A.D.651. New York: Golden press.

Grover, Satish. (1996). Islamic Architecture in India. New Delhi: Galgotia Publishing Company.

Grube, Ernst J. George Michell, (Ed.) (1978). Architecture of the Islamic World: Its history and social meaning. London: Thames and Hudson.

Hurlimann, Martin. (1965). Delhi Agra Fatehpur Sikri. First edition. London: Thames and Hudson.

Khan, Ahmed Nabi. (1991). Development of Mosque Architecture in Pakistan. Islamabad: Lok Virsa Publishing House.

Khan, Ahmed Nabi. (1983). Multan History and Architecture. Islamabad: Institute of Islamic University, Culture and Civilization, Islamic University.

Kleiner, Fred S. Christin J.Mamiya. (2005). Gardener’s Art through the Ages (12th ed.). New York: Thomson Wadsworth.

Koch, Ebba. (2006). The complete Taj Mahal. London: Thames & Hudson.

Koch, Ebba. (1988). Shah Jahan and Orpheus: The Pietra Dura Decoration and the Programme of the Throne in the Hall of Public Audiences at the Red Fort of Dehli. Austria: Akademische Druck-u. Verlagsanstalt Graz.

Michell, George. (2007). The Majesty of Mughal Architecture: The Art and Architecture of Islamic World. London: Thames and Hudson.

Michell, George. (Ed.) (1978). Architecture of the Islamic World: Its history and Social Meaning. London: Thames and Hudson.

Mumtaz, Kamil Khan. Judith Shah. editor. (1985). Architecture of Pakistan. Singapore: Concept Media Pvt Ltd.

Nadiem, Ihsan H. (2006). Lahore A Glorious Heritage. Lahore: Sang-e-Meel Publications.

Nath, R. (1988).Architecture of Fatehpur Sikri: Forms, Techniques and Concept (1st ed.) Jaipur: The Historical Research Documentation Programme.

Nath, R. (1989). Colour Decoration in Mughal Architecture India & Pakistan (2nd ed.). India: The Historical Research Documentation Programme.

Pal, Pratapaditya. Janice Leoshko. Joseph M. Dye III. Stephen Markel. (1989). The Romance of the Taj Mahal. London: Thames and Hudson.

Rehman, Abdul. (2001). Earthly Paradise: The Garden in the Times of the Great Muslim Empires. Lahore: Habib ur Rehman Research Foundation.

Terry, john. (1955). The Charm of Indo- Islamic Architecture: An Introduction to the Northern Phase. London: Aleg Tiranti Ltd.

Tillotson, G.H.R. (1990). Architectural Guides for Travelers Mughal India. London: Penguin Books.

Smith Vincent A. (1969). A History of Fine Art in India and Ceylon (3rd ed.). Bombay: D.B. Taraporevala Sons and Co.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.