ABO and Rh blood groups distribution among students of Quaid-e-Azam Medical College Bahawalpur Pakistan

Memoona Shahjahan, Muhammad Hamza Ali, Mamona Sadiq

Abstract


Aims and Objectives: This study was conducted to determine distribution of ABO and Rh blood groups among the students to know which blood group is common and which is uncommon among people so that rare blood group may be deposited in blood banks for emergency situations .

Materials and Methods: This is a retrospective type study. The duration of study was from 1st January 2017 to 31st December 2017. It was done in Quaid-e-Azam medical College of Bahawalpur. Data was collected from the students of the College. Data was analyzed using Microsoft office version 2007. Statistical data was expressed in the form of tables and charts. Frequency and percentages were calculated.

Results: Five Hundred results cases studied, made up of 300 males and 200 females with the ratio of 1.5:1. The age of the students ranged between 25 – 45years with mean age of 27 ± 5years. Among the studied population, blood group O had the highest percentage (38%), followed by blood group A (30.4%), then B (23.2%), while AB had the least (8.4%). Most of the students were found to be Rhesus positive (85.2%) while Rhesus negative was 14.8%.

Conclusion: The majority had blood group O among the study population followed by group-A, and group-B, while group- AB was in least frequency. Rh-positive was present in high frequency and Rh-negative was found to be in minimum number.


Keywords


ABO and Rh blood groups, Pakistan, Quaid-e-Azam Medical college.

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