Importance of Screening of Patients for HBV and HCV before Elective Surgery
Objective: Objective of this study was to emphasize on the importance of screening for hepatitis B and C before undergoing elective surgery.
Patients & Methods: This study was done on 110 patients who were planned for surgery. These patients were admitted in surgical ward-4 of Bahawal Victoria Hospital Bahawalpur. The duration of study was fom January 2017 to August 2017. These cases were screened for HBV and HCV by ELISA technique. Tests were done in Government laboratory of the hospital which is well equipped with a trained faculty. Which patients had previous reports older than 3 months of ELISA for HBV –DNA and HCV-RNA their test was repeated by the laboratory of hospital.
Results: Out of 110 cases 60(54.5%) were males and 50(45.4%) were females. In ELISA technique 18(16.3%) were positive for anti HCV antibodies and 12(10.9%) were positive for HBsAg antigen. Out of 18 cases 10(55.5%) were males and 8(44.4%) were females. Similarly among 12 cases positive for HBV of which 5(41.6%) were males and 7(58.3%) were females. Their age was ranging from 24 to 55 years with mean age of 37.5 years.
Conclusion: The screening of patients for hepatitis B and hepatitis C is very important before any sort of surgery so that necessary measures may be taken by the doctors and nurses for protection from HBV and HCV.
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