The Effect of Youth Unemployment on Democratization Process in Nigeria
Democracy and unemployment among youth are two antithetical bed-fellows. Unemployment hinders the progress and development of democracy in any country, be it developed or a developing one. The young, vibrant and energetic are important resources that should not be left idle for a democratic experiment to thrive. Thus, the youth have been the bane of Nigeria’s democracy since inception in 1999. Hence, becomes a cog in the wheel of democratic processes where it manifests itself in a myriads of serious socio-economic and political crises such as pipeline vandalism, political thuggery, kidnappings, prostitution and insurgency to mention a few. It is against this background that, this paper attempts to look at youth unemployment in relation to Nigeria’s democracy by using conflict theory as a basis for explanation. However, it is suggested that reducing youth unemployment is critical to the growth and development of Nigeria’s democracy as well as its stability.
Diejomah, F. & Orimalade, D. (1971), Efficiency and Equity in Vocational Education and Training Policies: International Labour Essay on Apprenticeship.
Isma’il, W., Olonisakin, F., Picciotto, B. and Wybrow, D. (2009) Youth Vulnerability and Exclusion (YOVEX) in West Africa: Synthesis Report, Published by the Conflict, Security and Development Group, Kings College London, No.21: p 24.
Kerr,C. (1954), “The Balkanisation of Labour Markets”, in: E.W. Bakke et al. (eds) Labour Mobiliy and Economic Opportunity, New York, Wiley.
Korpi, W. (2001), Distributive Conflict and the Breakthrough in Employment: Economic and Political Causes of Unemployment’s Long Waves, Paper presented at the R.C 19 Meeting in Oviedo, Spain, September 6-9.
Marshall, G. (1998), Oxford Dictionary of Sociology, Oxford University Press, New York.
NBS (2012), The Nigeria Poverty Profile 2010 Report of the National Bureau of Statistics Harmonized Nigeria Living Standard Survey (HNLSS).
NIGERIA, National Population Commission (2009) “Federal Republic of Nigeria Official Gazette”, Vol. 96 No 2. Abuja: P.22
NIGERIA, National Population Commission (2010), 2006 Population and Housing Census Priority Table: Population Distribution by Sex, State, LGA and Senatorial District, Vol.III, Abuja: P.22
NIGERIA, National Population Commission (2010), 2006 Population Census Priority Table: Population Distribution by Age, Sex and Relationship to Head of the Household (State and Local Government Area), Vol. X, Abuja: P.483
NBS (2012); The Nigeria Poverty Profile 2010 Report of the National Bureau of Statistics Harmonized Nigeria Living Standard Survey (HNLSS).
Ojo, F. (1998), Personal Management, Panaf Publishers, Lagos.
Sambo, S.(2007),Research Findings in the Development Needs of the Adolescent. In: Kolo, F.D.(eds) Journal of Educational Research and Development, Faculty of Education, Ahmadu Bello University,Zaria, 2 (2).
Sanusi, L.S. (2010, September), Nigerian Youth: A Threat to National Economy? Being a Lecture delivered on the Occasion of the Graduation and Annual Lecture Series of the Katsina Vocational Training Centre, held at the State Secretariat Katsina.
Sule-Kano, A. (2008), Poverty and the Traditional Qur’anic School System in Northern Nigeria: The Politics of Almajiri Phenomenon. Paper Presented at the Conference on Nigerian Youth and National Development, organized by the Center for Democratic Research and Training, Mambayya House, Bayero University Kano- Nigeria.
Umar, M.K. (2015), Poverty and Political Violence among Youth in Katsina Metropolis, Msc.Thesis (Unpublished), Submitted to Bayero University Kano.
Zango, I.M. (2015), Youth Participation in Democratization and Governance Process in: Democracy and Governance in Nigeria, Challenges and Prospects, Hallmark Publishing Nigeria ltd., Kano.
- There are currently no refbacks.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.