Assessment of vitamin D levels in diabetic patients
Objectives: Diabetes is considered as a major public health problem that has direct impact on both the economic and functional aspects of individuals and country. The vitamin D is widely known for its role in various body functions. In the past few years, it has been associated with many important systemic diseases including diabetes. Thus, the present study aims to compare vitamin D levels in both the diabetic and non-diabetic individuals in order to depict the relation of vitamin D with the glycemic control of diabetic patients. Methods: For this purpose two groups were formed named as experimental and control groups, each consisting of 120 patients were formed. The demographic characteristics, disease duration, anthropometry, and haemoglobin A1C were recorded during data collection. This was followed by data analyzation through SPSS 17 with utilization of chi square test, students t-test and regression analysis. Results: In diabetic individuals, mean value of vitamin D was 17.6 ± 9.1 ng/dl, whereas, for non-diabetic individuals, it was 29.5 ± 10.9 ng/dl (p = 0.001). On the other hand, in diabetic group, 79 (65.83 %) patients were vitamin D deficient, whereas, in the control group, 43 (35.83 %) patients were vitamin D deficient. Thus, the vitamin D deficiency was more prevalent in the diabetic patients. Moreover, it was found to be dependent on factors such as gender, BMI, disease duration, RBS and HbA1C. Conclusion: It is concluded that vitamin D supplements can be used as an essential component of diabetic patient’s treatment.
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