ASSESSMENT OF KNOWLEDGE, ATTITUDE & PRACTICES OF PLAIN WATER AND FILTERED WATER CONSUMERS REGARDING OCCURRENCE OF DIARRHEAL DISEASES IN SHADMAN LAHORE
Objective: Conducted in Shadman and Shahjamal , Lahore this study aims at the assessment of knowledge and practices of plain and filtered water consumers regarding occurrence of water-borne diarrheal disease. In the study, water taken from WASA supply or Private Bore Pumps and Boiled water was taken to be as “Plain”. While “filtered” water was standardized as water obtained either from filtration plants or from (functional, one or two chambered) house-hold filters. “Water-borne diarrheal diseases” are taken as the infectious diseases caused by fecal (animal or human) or chemical contamination of water.
Method: Lasting for a duration of two months (starting June 2017 to July 2017) , this descriptive cross-sectional study utilized systematic random sampling, with a sample size of 100. Each participant was required to fill out a pretested questionnaire. The data collected was analyzed using Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS) version 16.0.
Results: Out of total no. of people who read informative literature about water purification and diarrheal diseases, 55% used filtered water. Whereas People who did not read any informative literature, 41.9% of them used filtered water. Analytical results display a reduced occurrence of water-borne diarrheal diseases associated with filtration treatment of drinking water as compared to consumption of plain, untreated water.
Conclusion:Exposure to any informative literature had positive effect on people to use filtered water. People have little knowledge about how these diseases occur. Economic burden is the main hurdle in the way to improve the quality of water.
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