Anaemia in Children with age of 1 to 5 Years

Dr. Usama Azhar, Dr. Aneeb Ashraf, Dr. Muhammad Awais Aziz

Abstract


Aim: Determination of anaemia pattern in 1 to 5 years age group admitted in paediatric ward.

Methods: The descript mode of study was conducted in Paediatrics Department, Mayo Hospital, Lahore from March to Aug 2018. In the age group of 1 to 5 years, 300 patients were admitted from 1.March.2018 to 30 Aug.2018.

Results: Out of 300 patients, there were 213(71%) male patients and 87(29%) were female patients. The number of patients in other age groups was as; there were 152(50.66%) patients in the age group of 1 to 2 years, 74(24.66%) patients were in the age group of >2 to 3 years, 53(17.66%) patients were in the age group of >3 to 4 years and 21(7%) were in the age group of >4 to 5 years. 34(11.33%) patients were found with normocytic anaemia i.e., presence of macrocytic 4(1.33%) and 256(85.33%) patients were found with microcytic picture and 6(2%) patients were having mix cellularity. Moreover, the levels of vitamins were not assessed because some of the required laboratory facilities were not available.

Conclusion: The current study is highlighting that the most common anaemia seen in children is microcytic anaemia particularly iron deficiency. This can easily be diagnosed by peripheral picture, TIBC, haemoglobin, serum iron level and treated effectively by proper nutrition and iron supplementation.

Keywords: Anaemia,haemoglobin percentage, microcytic anaemia, nutritional anaemia, peripheral smear.


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