Non-Governmental Organizations in the Kurdistan Government Anti- Corruption Policymaking: Achievements and Obstacles

Rebaz Ali Smail


The government national anti-corruption strategy has been formulated recently by the Kurdistan regional government. The strategy is proposed and drafted by the anti-corruption NGOs and adapted by the anti-corruption policymakers. It is adapted by the government and considered as a government policy to fight against corruption. Yet, the government national anti-corruption strategy is unimplemented properly. Thus, this paper aims to investigate and explore why the strategy is not implemented or lack implemented. Accordingly, qualitative case study research design has been adopted to conduct the study, and semi-structured face-to-face interview has been nominated to collect data. Nine respondents have been chosen to be interviewed including NGO members, policymakers and experts. Besides, the national anti-corruption strategy has taken as a case study due to the strategy is fully drafted by the NGOs. Consequently, the study found that, the NGOs listed three demands during the strategy formulation process. Their first and second demands have been achieved however the third and most important demand did not achieve which is the strategy implementation. Accordingly, the paper found several factors which negatively contributed to the NGOs` lack of achievements. Lack of government political will, NGOs` lack relationship with government, bureaucracy, lack of human resources, lack of using media and NGOs` financial problems were the factors which restricted NGOs to achieve their fundamental objective. Thus, the paper concluded that the anti-corruption NGOs failed to achieve their demands in the national anti-corruption strategy since the strategy is unimplemented.


National Anti-Corruption Strategy, NGO, Achievements, Obstacles, Factors

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